ANS is committed to advancing, fostering, and promoting the development and application of nuclear sciences and technologies to benefit society.
Explore the many uses for nuclear science and its impact on energy, the environment, healthcare, food, and more.
Nuclear Criticality Safety
NCSD provides communication among nuclear criticality safety professionals through the development of standards, the evolution of training methods and materials, the presentation of technical data and procedures, and the creation of specialty publications. In these ways, the division furthers the exchange of technical information on nuclear criticality safety with the ultimate goal of promoting the safe handling of fissionable materials outside reactors.
2024 ANS Annual Conference
June 9–12, 2024
Las Vegas, NV|The Mirage
The Standards Committee is responsible for the development and maintenance of voluntary consensus standards that address the design, analysis, and operation of components, systems, and facilities related to the application of nuclear science and technology. Find out What’s New, check out the Standards Store, or Get Involved today!
Latest Magazine Issues
Latest Journal Issues
Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
The Sodium Reactor Experiment
In February 1957, construction was completed on the Sodium Reactor Experiment (SRE), a sodium-cooled, graphite-moderated reactor with an output of 20 MWt. The design of theSRE had begun three years earlier in 1954, and construction started in April 1955. On April 25, 1957, the reactor reached criticality, and the SRE operated until February 1964.
Lowie Brabants, Mattias Simons, David de Schepper, Eric Demeester, Wouter Schroeyers
Nuclear Technology | Volume 208 | Number 11 | November 2022 | Pages 1681-1695
Technical Paper | doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2022.2073950
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
This study determines the minimal detection time (MDT) needed for successful localization of radioactive hot spots during nuclear decommissioning work. An automated XY stage, equipped with a CdZnTe (CZT) spectrometer, was used to identify and localize hot spots of 241Am, 137Cs, and 60Co in a 1.7 × 1.7-m area. The stage served as a preliminary test platform for the development of an automated robotic characterization platform [Autonomous Robotic platform for CHaractERization (ARCHER) robot]. The dependence of the MDT on the detector efficiency and background (BKG) level was examined. For low BKG environments, the MDT for 137Cs was 871 ms and resulted in an error of the source localization of 14.21 mm and an error of the activity of 6.85%. For elevated BKG levels, the MDT increased to 15 526 ms. The 137Cs source was localized with an error of 34.13 mm and an error of the source activity of −7.04%. The MDT determination method used here offers a valuable approach for decreasing total scanning times while avoiding missing the presence of hot spots.