ANS is committed to advancing, fostering, and promoting the development and application of nuclear sciences and technologies to benefit society.
Explore the many uses for nuclear science and its impact on energy, the environment, healthcare, food, and more.
Isotopes & Radiation
Members are devoted to applying nuclear science and engineering technologies involving isotopes, radiation applications, and associated equipment in scientific research, development, and industrial processes. Their interests lie primarily in education, industrial uses, biology, medicine, and health physics. Division committees include Analytical Applications of Isotopes and Radiation, Biology and Medicine, Radiation Applications, Radiation Sources and Detection, and Thermal Power Sources.
Conference on Nuclear Training and Education: A Biennial International Forum (CONTE 2023)
February 6–9, 2023
Amelia Island, FL|Omni Amelia Island Resort
The Standards Committee is responsible for the development and maintenance of voluntary consensus standards that address the design, analysis, and operation of components, systems, and facilities related to the application of nuclear science and technology. Find out What’s New, check out the Standards Store, or Get Involved today!
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
Nuclear energy: enabling production of food, fiber, hydrocarbon biofuels, and negative carbon emissions
In the 1960s, Alvin Weinberg at Oak Ridge National Laboratory initiated a series of studies on nuclear agro-industrial complexes1 to address the needs of the world’s growing population. Agriculture was a central component of these studies, as it must be. Much of the emphasis was on desalination of seawater to provide fresh water for irrigation of crops. Remarkable advances have lowered the cost of desalination to make that option viable in countries like Israel. Later studies2 asked the question, are there sufficient minerals (potassium, phosphorous, copper, nickel, etc.) to enable a prosperous global society assuming sufficient nuclear energy? The answer was a qualified “yes,” with the caveat that mineral resources will limit some technological options. These studies were defined by the characteristic of looking across agricultural and industrial sectors to address multiple challenges using nuclear energy.
Kun-Su Lim, Chang-Lak Kim, Sanghwa Shin
Nuclear Technology | Volume 208 | Number 9 | September 2022 | Pages 1406-1415
Technical Paper | doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2022.2031496
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Determining whether to release a site after decommissioning a nuclear facility should be preceded by an environmental impact assessment of the exposure radiation dose according to the radionuclides in the soil. Currently, in Korea, various evaluation methodologies and decommissioning technologies are being studied for the first decommissioning of nuclear power plants, starting with Kori Nuclear Power Plant Unit (Kori-1), which is based on the “Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual MARSSIM” developed in the United States. The scope and evaluation targets of deep soil may differ depending on the purpose, but it has been confirmed that the International Atomic Energy Agency and the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission are targeting subsurface soil. MARSSIM outlines the need for an evaluation of this subsurface soil but does not suggest specific methods. In NUREG-1757, which complements MARSSIM, it is confirmed that subsurface soil specifically means a soil layer that is 15 to 30 cm deep in the surface layer. In the current study, using the previously verified computational code RESidual RADioactivity (RESRAD)-ONSITE, a methodology for summation is proposed to evaluate the impact of subsurface soil more flexibly and realistically while minimizing the exposure dose evaluation procedure. When using RESRAD-ONSITE according to this evaluation methodology, it was confirmed that it is possible to respond to changes in the depths of various soil layers. In addition, it was also confirmed that this methodology is adaptable to the contamination of nuclides, such as 60Co, 137Cs, 152Eu, and 154Eu, which are expected to be major nuclides when decommissioning nuclear facilities.