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The division was organized to promote the advancement of knowledge of the use of particle accelerator technologies for nuclear and other applications. It focuses on production of neutrons and other particles, utilization of these particles for scientific or industrial purposes, such as the production or destruction of radionuclides significant to energy, medicine, defense or other endeavors, as well as imaging and diagnostics.
Conference on Nuclear Training and Education: A Biennial International Forum (CONTE 2023)
February 6–9, 2023
Amelia Island, FL|Omni Amelia Island Resort
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University of Florida-led consortium to research nuclear forensics
A 16-university team of 31 scientists and engineers, under the title Consortium for Nuclear Forensics and led by the University of Florida, has been selected by the Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) to develop the next generation of new technologies and insights in nuclear forensics.
Arvind Sundaram, Yeni Li, Hany Abdel-Khalik
Nuclear Technology | Volume 208 | Number 9 | September 2022 | Pages 1365-1381
Technical Paper | doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2022.2027147
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The widespread digitization of critical industrial systems such as nuclear reactors has led to the development of digital twins and/or the adoption of artificial intelligence techniques for simulating baseline behavior and performing predictive maintenance. Such analytical tools, referred to as anomaly detection techniques, rely on features extracted from data that describe the underlying physical process. While these anomaly detection systems may work well with simulated data, their real-world applications are often hindered by the presence of noise. In some cases, noise may obscure subtle anomalies that may carry information about incipient stages of system faults. These subtle variations may also be the result of malicious intrusion such as so-called false data injection attack, equipment degradation causing sensor drift, or other natural disturbances in the process or the sensors. Consequently, there is a need to extract features that are robust to noise and also denoise data in a manner that aids machine-learning (ML) tools in diagnostics. In this regard, this paper presents a singular value decomposition–based statistical data–driven approach for feature extraction, denoted by randomized window decomposition, to capture the underlying physics of the system. Additionally, the features are used to denoise data to reveal subtle anomalies while also preserving relevant information for ML algorithms. The denoising algorithm is demonstrated using a RELAP5 simulation of a representative nuclear reactor with virtual noise.