Fast neutron radiography (FNR) has a great potential as a nondestructive technique for testing large objects. A FNR system developed based on a deuterium-tritium neutron generator is presented. Resolution of the FNR system is analyzed using the modulation transfer function (MTF). FNR experiments based on film and charge-coupled device imaging are carried out, respectively. The experimental results of image resolution are compared with the results of MTF calculation. Moreover, the impacts of various system components on signal degradation are discussed in this paper.