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Education, Training & Workforce Development
The Education, Training & Workforce Development Division provides communication among the academic, industrial, and governmental communities through the exchange of views and information on matters related to education, training and workforce development in nuclear and radiological science, engineering, and technology. Industry leaders, education and training professionals, and interested students work together through Society-sponsored meetings and publications, to enrich their professional development, to educate the general public, and to advance nuclear and radiological science and engineering.
Conference on Nuclear Training and Education: A Biennial International Forum (CONTE 2023)
February 6–9, 2023
Amelia Island, FL|Omni Amelia Island Resort
The Standards Committee is responsible for the development and maintenance of voluntary consensus standards that address the design, analysis, and operation of components, systems, and facilities related to the application of nuclear science and technology. Find out What’s New, check out the Standards Store, or Get Involved today!
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
Nuclear energy: enabling production of food, fiber, hydrocarbon biofuels, and negative carbon emissions
In the 1960s, Alvin Weinberg at Oak Ridge National Laboratory initiated a series of studies on nuclear agro-industrial complexes1 to address the needs of the world’s growing population. Agriculture was a central component of these studies, as it must be. Much of the emphasis was on desalination of seawater to provide fresh water for irrigation of crops. Remarkable advances have lowered the cost of desalination to make that option viable in countries like Israel. Later studies2 asked the question, are there sufficient minerals (potassium, phosphorous, copper, nickel, etc.) to enable a prosperous global society assuming sufficient nuclear energy? The answer was a qualified “yes,” with the caveat that mineral resources will limit some technological options. These studies were defined by the characteristic of looking across agricultural and industrial sectors to address multiple challenges using nuclear energy.
Jun Fang, Yiqi Yu, Haomin Yuan, Elia Merzari, Dillon R. Shaver
Nuclear Technology | Volume 208 | Number 8 | August 2022 | Pages 1233-1243
Technical Paper | doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2021.1957373
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
To support the design efforts of advanced sodium-cooled fast reactors (SFRs), a series of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations are performed to investigate the pressure change along various flow passages in the proposed SFR system. The simulations are carried out with the state-of-the-art spectral element flow solver, Nek5000. Two specific case studies are presented in this paper: the flow exiting the axial neutron reflector channels and the flow entering the fuel pin bundle. Due to the high Reynolds numbers expected, a Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) approach is necessary to model the turbulence. A newly developed regularized RANS model is adopted in the related CFD calculations. The first case study explores the effect of Reynolds number on the pressure change when flow exits the reflector channels. The pressure change in this case has two major contributors: the change due to wall friction and the Bernoulli effect. It is noted that the nondimensional pressure loss follows a log-linear trend up to Re = 105, and then the trend is flattened. In the second case study, the advanced NekNek coupling capability is tested where an integral domain can be divided into multiple subdomains with coupling interfaces, which would greatly ease the meshing process of complex engineering geometries and potentially save computational resources. The preliminary results obtained so far confirm the consistency between the NekNek results and those produced by regular Nek5000 simulation. The presented work demonstrates the readiness and flexibility of the related CFD techniques, which is part of the broader effort to leverage cutting-edge CFD to inform the advanced nuclear reactor designs.