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Materials Science & Technology
The objectives of MSTD are: promote the advancement of materials science in Nuclear Science Technology; support the multidisciplines which constitute it; encourage research by providing a forum for the presentation, exchange, and documentation of relevant information; promote the interaction and communication among its members; and recognize and reward its members for significant contributions to the field of materials science in nuclear technology.
Conference on Nuclear Training and Education: A Biennial International Forum (CONTE 2023)
February 6–9, 2023
Amelia Island, FL|Omni Amelia Island Resort
The Standards Committee is responsible for the development and maintenance of voluntary consensus standards that address the design, analysis, and operation of components, systems, and facilities related to the application of nuclear science and technology. Find out What’s New, check out the Standards Store, or Get Involved today!
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
Nuclear energy: enabling production of food, fiber, hydrocarbon biofuels, and negative carbon emissions
In the 1960s, Alvin Weinberg at Oak Ridge National Laboratory initiated a series of studies on nuclear agro-industrial complexes1 to address the needs of the world’s growing population. Agriculture was a central component of these studies, as it must be. Much of the emphasis was on desalination of seawater to provide fresh water for irrigation of crops. Remarkable advances have lowered the cost of desalination to make that option viable in countries like Israel. Later studies2 asked the question, are there sufficient minerals (potassium, phosphorous, copper, nickel, etc.) to enable a prosperous global society assuming sufficient nuclear energy? The answer was a qualified “yes,” with the caveat that mineral resources will limit some technological options. These studies were defined by the characteristic of looking across agricultural and industrial sectors to address multiple challenges using nuclear energy.
Stuart T. Arm
Nuclear Technology | Volume 208 | Number 7 | July 2022 | Pages 1124-1136
Technical Paper | doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2021.2018274
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
This study explores the potential benefit to flowsheets for recovering actinides from used nuclear fuel of a process simplification in the head-end portion. The process simplification replaces acid dissolution of used nuclear fuel with dissolution in the tri-butyl phosphate solvent used in the industrially mature Plutonium Uranium Reduction Extraction flowsheet. Though characterized by considerable uncertainty, simplified flowsheets appear feasible and potentially offer significant reductions in process complexity, nitrate inventory, secondary liquid effluent generation, and plant footprint.