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Radiation Protection & Shielding
The Radiation Protection and Shielding Division is developing and promoting radiation protection and shielding aspects of nuclear science and technology — including interaction of nuclear radiation with materials and biological systems, instruments and techniques for the measurement of nuclear radiation fields, and radiation shield design and evaluation.
Conference on Nuclear Training and Education: A Biennial International Forum (CONTE 2023)
February 6–9, 2023
Amelia Island, FL|Omni Amelia Island Resort
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
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University of Florida-led consortium to research nuclear forensics
A 16-university team of 31 scientists and engineers, under the title Consortium for Nuclear Forensics and led by the University of Florida, has been selected by the Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) to develop the next generation of new technologies and insights in nuclear forensics.
Veronica Karriem, Edward M. Duchnowski, Bin Cheng, Lance L. Snead, Jason R. Trelewicz, Nicholas R. Brown
Nuclear Technology | Volume 208 | Number 7 | July 2022 | Pages 1102-1113
Technical Paper | doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2021.2011573
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
This study evaluates beryllium-based two-phase composite moderators as an alternative to graphite in an evaluation of reactor performance and safety characteristics. Historically, modular high-temperature gas-cooled reactors (mHTGRs) use graphite as a moderator because of its high moderating ratio and reasonable thermal properties; however, graphite has unfavorable properties under irradiation, which can require component replacement and a significant radioactive waste burden. In this assessment, we explore advanced moderators comprised of magnesium oxide (MgO) as the host matrix and beryllium metal and/or beryllium oxide (Be and/or BeO) as the entrained moderating phase. For the reactor performance and thermal-hydraulic safety analysis, the core design model of the General Atomics mHTGR-350 was used to demonstrate the feasibility of a “drop-in” replacement of graphite using the beryllium-based moderators. We employed the neutronics code Serpent to analyze the moderating behavior of the composite moderators with comparisons drawn to graphite. We performed a scoping analysis of accidents for mHTGRs using RELAP to show that these moderators do not present impediments to safety and are expected to stay within temperature limits. Measured thermophysical properties of the composite moderators are used in the thermal-hydraulic assessments. Our analysis reveals that the two-phase composite MgO-matrix beryllium-based moderators are a suitable replacement for graphite.