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Nuclear Nonproliferation Policy
The mission of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Policy Division (NNPD) is to promote the peaceful use of nuclear technology while simultaneously preventing the diversion and misuse of nuclear material and technology through appropriate safeguards and security, and promotion of nuclear nonproliferation policies. To achieve this mission, the objectives of the NNPD are to: Promote policy that discourages the proliferation of nuclear technology and material to inappropriate entities. Provide information to ANS members, the technical community at large, opinion leaders, and decision makers to improve their understanding of nuclear nonproliferation issues. Become a recognized technical resource on nuclear nonproliferation, safeguards, and security issues. Serve as the integration and coordination body for nuclear nonproliferation activities for the ANS. Work cooperatively with other ANS divisions to achieve these objective nonproliferation policies.
Conference on Nuclear Training and Education: A Biennial International Forum (CONTE 2023)
February 6–9, 2023
Amelia Island, FL|Omni Amelia Island Resort
The Standards Committee is responsible for the development and maintenance of voluntary consensus standards that address the design, analysis, and operation of components, systems, and facilities related to the application of nuclear science and technology. Find out What’s New, check out the Standards Store, or Get Involved today!
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
Nuclear energy: enabling production of food, fiber, hydrocarbon biofuels, and negative carbon emissions
In the 1960s, Alvin Weinberg at Oak Ridge National Laboratory initiated a series of studies on nuclear agro-industrial complexes1 to address the needs of the world’s growing population. Agriculture was a central component of these studies, as it must be. Much of the emphasis was on desalination of seawater to provide fresh water for irrigation of crops. Remarkable advances have lowered the cost of desalination to make that option viable in countries like Israel. Later studies2 asked the question, are there sufficient minerals (potassium, phosphorous, copper, nickel, etc.) to enable a prosperous global society assuming sufficient nuclear energy? The answer was a qualified “yes,” with the caveat that mineral resources will limit some technological options. These studies were defined by the characteristic of looking across agricultural and industrial sectors to address multiple challenges using nuclear energy.
Nuclear Technology | Volume 208 | Number 6 | June 2022 | Pages 1012-1026
Technical Paper | doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2021.1985912
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
A previous study concluded that the robust, multimodule design of the NuScale small modular reactor plant can provide power at an unprecedented level of availability to mission critical facilities. This study extends the analysis to include a microgrid power distribution and delivery system to demonstrate the increased availability of power delivered to a customer. A hypothetical 12-module NuScale plant located on the Clinch River site in Tennessee is assumed to supply power from three modules to Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) through the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) transmission system. Combinations of transmission and power generation equipment failures that might interrupt power, and the associated frequency and duration of these failures, are identified and the potential for power interruption to ORNL is evaluated. The analysis first evaluates the existing transmission infrastructure and availability of power to ORNL to establish a baseline availability. Then, a connection from the NuScale plant through the local TVA transmission system (option 1) and a direct connection from the NuScale plant to the ORNL distribution system (option 2) are evaluated, as well as three sensitivity cases. The existing power distribution and delivery system at ORNL is already highly reliable resulting from multiple diverse power generators feeding a robust power delivery system. The primary driver of macrogrid power unavailability is the existing power generation sources, which includes two coal plants and two hydroelectric generators, rather than transmission equipment. Adding a 12-module NuScale plant to the system further reduces the unavailability of power to ORNL by over two orders of magnitude in both cases of considering only local power sources and the macrogrid as a whole. When considering only local generators, the inclusion of a NuScale plant improves the average availability of power to ORNL from three-nines to over five-nines. If the large-scale macrogrid is also included, average availability is increased to nine-nines.