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Young Members Group
The Young Members Group works to encourage and enable all young professional members to be actively involved in the efforts and endeavors of the Society at all levels (Professional Divisions, ANS Governance, Local Sections, etc.) as they transition from the role of a student to the role of a professional. It sponsors non-technical workshops and meetings that provide professional development and networking opportunities for young professionals, collaborates with other Divisions and Groups in developing technical and non-technical content for topical and national meetings, encourages its members to participate in the activities of the Groups and Divisions that are closely related to their professional interests as well as in their local sections, introduces young members to the rules and governance structure of the Society, and nominates young professionals for awards and leadership opportunities available to members.
2024 ANS Annual Conference
June 9–12, 2024
Las Vegas, NV|The Mirage
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The Sodium Reactor Experiment
In February 1957, construction was completed on the Sodium Reactor Experiment (SRE), a sodium-cooled, graphite-moderated reactor with an output of 20 MWt. The design of theSRE had begun three years earlier in 1954, and construction started in April 1955. On April 25, 1957, the reactor reached criticality, and the SRE operated until February 1964.
Steven D. Herrmann, Brian R. Westphal, Shelly X. Li, Haiyan Zhao
Nuclear Technology | Volume 208 | Number 5 | May 2022 | Pages 871-891
Technical Paper | doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2021.1973180
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Prior work identified dissolution of used nuclear oxide fuel constituents from a uranium oxide matrix into molten LiCl-KCl-UCl3 at 500°C, prompting a subsequent series of three progressive studies (including an initial scoping study, an electrolytic dissolution study, and a chemical-seeded dissolution study) to further investigate associated parameters and mechanisms. Thermodynamic calculations were performed to identify possible reaction mechanisms and their propensities in used oxide fuel constituent dissolution. Used nuclear oxide fuels with varying preconditions from fast and thermal test reactors were separately immersed in the subject salt system to assess fuel constituent migration from the bulk fuel matrix to the salt phase in an initial scoping study. Dissolution of expected fuel constituents, including alkali, alkaline earth, lanthanide, and transuranium oxides, into the chloride salt phase varied widely, ranging from 12% to 99% in the initial study. Uranium isotope blending between the salt phase and bulk fuel matrix was also observed, which was attributed to reducing conditions in the fuel matrix. Electrolytic and chemical-seeded dissolution studies were subsequently performed to effect reducing conditions in the fuel. Other parameters, including temperature (at 500°C, 650°C, 725°C, and 800°C) and uranium trichloride concentrations (at 6, 9, and 19 wt% uranium), were investigated in the latter two studies, resulting in fuel constituent dissolution above 90%. Extents of dissolution were based on initial and final fuel constituent concentrations in the oxide fuels following operations in the salt and subsequent removal of the salt via distillation. In this series of progressive studies, oxide fuel preconditioning and in situ reducing conditions, along with elevated temperature and uranium trichloride concentrations, were the primary parameters promoting used nuclear oxide fuel constituent dissolution in accordance with identified reaction mechanisms.