ANS is committed to advancing, fostering, and promoting the development and application of nuclear sciences and technologies to benefit society.
Explore the many uses for nuclear science and its impact on energy, the environment, healthcare, food, and more.
Robotics & Remote Systems
The Mission of the Robotics and Remote Systems Division is to promote the development and application of immersive simulation, robotics, and remote systems for hazardous environments for the purpose of reducing hazardous exposure to individuals, reducing environmental hazards and reducing the cost of performing work.
2024 ANS Annual Conference
June 9–12, 2024
Las Vegas, NV|The Mirage
The Standards Committee is responsible for the development and maintenance of voluntary consensus standards that address the design, analysis, and operation of components, systems, and facilities related to the application of nuclear science and technology. Find out What’s New, check out the Standards Store, or Get Involved today!
Latest Magazine Issues
Latest Journal Issues
Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
The Sodium Reactor Experiment
In February 1957, construction was completed on the Sodium Reactor Experiment (SRE), a sodium-cooled, graphite-moderated reactor with an output of 20 MWt. The design of theSRE had begun three years earlier in 1954, and construction started in April 1955. On April 25, 1957, the reactor reached criticality, and the SRE operated until February 1964.
Michael A. Reichenberger, Jagoda M. Urban-Klaehn, Jason V. Brookman, Joshua L. Peterson-Droogh, Jorge Navarro, Richard H. Howard
Nuclear Technology | Volume 208 | Number 2 | February 2022 | Pages 303-309
Technical Paper | doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2021.1903299
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Production of high specific activity (HSA) 60Co has recently resumed at the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) at the Idaho National Laboratory. The technical steps of performing in-canal assay of HSA 60Co targets at the ATR are described herein. The HSA targets are assayed on a regular basis, between cycles at the ATR, in order to assess the progress of activation. The targets are also assayed at the conclusion of the irradiation in order to provide activity estimates for the distributor and to be used for safety and shipping evaluations. These target assay activities must take place in the ATR canal to provide sufficient radiological shielding. A specialized assay fixture is used in conjunction with custom 60Co radiation standards to assess the irradiated target. The specific activity of each irradiated target was determined by first measuring the 60Co standards to determine a sensitivity factor. Then, each irradiated target was measured, and the integrated measurement was multiplied by the sensitivity factor to determine the total activity of the irradiated target. Finally, a correction factor was determined to adjust the reported activity, accounting for differences in the physical geometries of the standards and targets. These methods were used to accurately assay the gross activity of nine irradiated 60Co targets, two of which were delivered to the distributor where confirmatory hot-cell assays were performed verifying the accuracy of the in-canal assay method.