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NCSD provides communication among nuclear criticality safety professionals through the development of standards, the evolution of training methods and materials, the presentation of technical data and procedures, and the creation of specialty publications. In these ways, the division furthers the exchange of technical information on nuclear criticality safety with the ultimate goal of promoting the safe handling of fissionable materials outside reactors.
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
The reality of radiation
Rep. Brandon Williams
Rep. Byron Donalds
For many Americans, the word “radiation” is often associated with fear of the unknown, yet the medical and scientific reality is that radiation is ever present in nature and is beneficial to human life. The truth behind radiation historically has been distorted and stigmatized—even the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission recognizes that “radiation is naturally present in our environment, as it has been since before the birth of this planet.”
To embrace a responsible, low-carbon energy future, the American public should be aware of the beneficial applications of radiation instead of fearing it due to unsubstantiated hysteria generated by opponents of responsible nuclear energy.
Pedro Mena, R. A. Borrelli, Leslie Kerby
Nuclear Technology | Volume 208 | Number 2 | February 2022 | Pages 232-245
Technical Paper | doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2021.1905470
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Artificial intelligence is becoming a larger part of operations for many industries. One industry where this is occurring rapidly is the nuclear industry. Researchers from around the world are looking to implement this technology in various areas of the nuclear industry. This paper explores the use of machine learning to diagnose problems. This project makes use of synthetic data collected from a Generic Pressurized Water Reactor (GPWR) simulator on whether a reactor is operating normally or experiencing one of four different transient events. A dataset was created consisting of over 30 000 reactor operational states. The data were explored and wrangled using Python and the Pandas package, using a variety of methods. Once ready, the data were randomly shuffled, with half the data being used for training and the other half being used for testing. Six different machine learning models were created using scikit-learn and the AutoML package Tree-based Pipeline Optimization Tool (TPOT). These models were created using six data scaling methods along with six feature reduction/selection methods. These models were validated using accuracy, precision, recall, and F1 score. The accuracy of the individual transients was also calculated. All six of the models had validation scores above 95%, with the decision tree and logistic regression models performing the best. These results are promising for the possible future use of machine learning in reactor diagnostics.