ANS is committed to advancing, fostering, and promoting the development and application of nuclear sciences and technologies to benefit society.
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Isotopes & Radiation
Members are devoted to applying nuclear science and engineering technologies involving isotopes, radiation applications, and associated equipment in scientific research, development, and industrial processes. Their interests lie primarily in education, industrial uses, biology, medicine, and health physics. Division committees include Analytical Applications of Isotopes and Radiation, Biology and Medicine, Radiation Applications, Radiation Sources and Detection, and Thermal Power Sources.
Materials in Nuclear Energy Systems (MiNES 2023)
December 10–14, 2023
New Orleans, LA|New Orleans Marriott
The Standards Committee is responsible for the development and maintenance of voluntary consensus standards that address the design, analysis, and operation of components, systems, and facilities related to the application of nuclear science and technology. Find out What’s New, check out the Standards Store, or Get Involved today!
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
Eisenhower’s “Atoms for Peace” at 70
Seventy years ago to the day, President Dwight D. Eisenhower gave his historic address to the United Nations General Assembly in New York City. (See December 2023 Nuclear News's “Leaders” column to read the reflections of Kathryn Huff, the Department of Energy’s assistant secretary for nuclear energy, on the speech’s anniversary.)
R. C. Harvill, J. W. Lane, J. M. Link, S. W. Claybrook, T. L. George, T. Kindred
Nuclear Technology | Volume 208 | Number 1 | January 2022 | Pages 70-99
Technical Paper | doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2021.1884491
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The Molten Salt Reactor Experiment (MSRE), which operated at Oak Ridge National Laboratory from 1965 to 1969, was an experimental reactor that used UF4 fuel dissolved in molten fluoride salt. Criticality was achieved when the fuel salt mixture passed through the graphite-moderated core region. Therefore, because the fuel and fission products flowed through the system, delayed neutron precursors were not confined to the core, and decay heat was released outside the core, which is a unique challenge relative to more traditional reactor designs with solid fuel. Therefore, research and demonstration reactors such as MSRE have become a valuable source of information for benchmarking modeling and simulation tools for advanced reactor designs. One such tool being considered is GOTHIC, which is a coarse-grid computational fluid dynamics multiphysics software package. GOTHIC includes attributes and physical phenomena needed for modeling these advanced, non–light water reactor designs. For example, GOTHIC includes fluid property tables for various molten salts; a tracer-tracking module for modeling fission products and the radioactive decay and heat release by delayed neutron precursors locally in the fluid outside the core; and other necessary capabilities for modeling molten salt reactor (MSR) designs, including the ability to model dissolved gases. GOTHIC is used to benchmark steady-state and transient conditions from the MSRE. Zero-power physics testing included fuel salt pump start-up and coast-down transients with a control rod automatically moving to maintain criticality. The control rod motion calculated by GOTHIC is a reasonable match to measured data from these transients. Further, low-power testing included a natural convection transient with no control rod motion such that reactor power was responding to heat load demand from the radiator. The reactor power and fuel salt and coolant salt temperatures calculated by GOTHIC exhibit good agreement with measured data. These results confirm GOTHIC capabilities for modeling MSR designs with circulating fuel.