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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
The reality of radiation
Rep. Brandon Williams
Rep. Byron Donalds
For many Americans, the word “radiation” is often associated with fear of the unknown, yet the medical and scientific reality is that radiation is ever present in nature and beneficial to human life. The truth behind radiation historically has been distorted and stigmatized—even the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission recognizes that “radiation is naturally present in our environment, as it has been since before the birth of this planet.”
To embrace a responsible, low-carbon energy future, the American public should be aware of the beneficial applications of radiation, instead of fearing it due to unsubstantiated hysteria generated by opponents of responsible nuclear energy.
Wilson Cowherd, John Stillman, Leslie Foyto, Erik Wilson, Kiratadas Kutikkad, Nickie Peters, John Gahl
Nuclear Technology | Volume 207 | Number 10 | October 2021 | Pages 1538-1563
Technical Paper | doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2020.1829427
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Nonpower reactors licensed by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission require a startup test plan as part of any facility modification to verify operability prior to resumption of operations. In order to support conversion of the University of Missouri Research Reactor from the use of highly enriched uranium to low-enriched uranium (LEU) fuel, a startup test plan has been devised to measure certain reactor physics parameters for the initial all-fresh LEU core licensing documentation that will be submitted. These parameters include the approach to critical, primary coolant void coefficient of reactivity, flux trap void coefficient of reactivity, determination of flux trap sample reactivity worth, radial and axial thermal neutron flux mapping, control blade worth calibration, primary and pool coolant temperature coefficient of reactivity, and flux mapping of experimental positions. In this paper, predictions for these parameters made using the Monte Carlo N-Particle Version 5 (MCNP5) radiation transport code are reported. These predictions will support the startup tests by providing a baseline set of expectations and additional insight into the performance of the LEU core.