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Decommissioning & Environmental Sciences
The mission of the Decommissioning and Environmental Sciences (DES) Division is to promote the development and use of those skills and technologies associated with the use of nuclear energy and the optimal management and stewardship of the environment, sustainable development, decommissioning, remediation, reutilization, and long-term surveillance and maintenance of nuclear-related installations, and sites. The target audience for this effort is the membership of the Division, the Society, and the public at large.
Conference on Nuclear Training and Education: A Biennial International Forum (CONTE 2023)
February 6–9, 2023
Amelia Island, FL|Omni Amelia Island Resort
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
Nuclear energy: enabling production of food, fiber, hydrocarbon biofuels, and negative carbon emissions
In the 1960s, Alvin Weinberg at Oak Ridge National Laboratory initiated a series of studies on nuclear agro-industrial complexes1 to address the needs of the world’s growing population. Agriculture was a central component of these studies, as it must be. Much of the emphasis was on desalination of seawater to provide fresh water for irrigation of crops. Remarkable advances have lowered the cost of desalination to make that option viable in countries like Israel. Later studies2 asked the question, are there sufficient minerals (potassium, phosphorous, copper, nickel, etc.) to enable a prosperous global society assuming sufficient nuclear energy? The answer was a qualified “yes,” with the caveat that mineral resources will limit some technological options. These studies were defined by the characteristic of looking across agricultural and industrial sectors to address multiple challenges using nuclear energy.
Elia Merzari, Haomin Yuan, Misun Min, Dillon Shaver, Ronald Rahaman, Patrick Shriwise, Paul Romano, Alberto Talamo, Yu-Hsiang Lan, Derek Gaston, Richard Martineau, Paul Fischer, Yassin Hassan
Nuclear Technology | Volume 207 | Number 7 | July 2021 | Pages 1118-1141
Technical Paper | doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2020.1824471
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
This paper demonstrates a multiphysics solver for pebble-bed reactors, in particular, for Berkeley’s pebble-bed -fluoride-salt-cooled high-temperature reactor (PB-FHR) (Mark I design). The FHR is a class of advanced nuclear reactors that combines the robust coated particle fuel form from high-temperature gas-cooled reactors, the direct reactor auxiliary cooling system passive decay removal of liquid-metal fast reactors, and the transparent, high-volumetric heat capacitance liquid-fluoride salt working fluids (e.g., FLiBe) from molten salt reactors. This fuel and coolant combination enables FHRs to operate in a high-temperature, low-pressure design space that has beneficial safety and economic implications. The PB-FHR relies on a pebble-bed approach, and pebble-bed reactors are, in a sense, the poster child for multiscale analysis.
Relying heavily on the MultiApp capability of the Multiphysics Object-Oriented Simulation Environment (MOOSE), we have developed Cardinal, a new platform for lower-length-scale simulation of pebble-bed cores. The lower-length-scale simulator comprises three physics: neutronics (OpenMC), thermal fluids (Nek5000/NekRS), and fuel performance (BISON). Cardinal tightly couples all three physics and leverages advances in MOOSE, such as the MultiApp system and the concept of MOOSE-wrapped applications. Moreover, Cardinal can utilize graphics processing units for accelerating solutions. In this paper, we discuss the development of Cardinal and the verification and validation and demonstration simulations.