ANS is committed to advancing, fostering, and promoting the development and application of nuclear sciences and technologies to benefit society.
Explore the many uses for nuclear science and its impact on energy, the environment, healthcare, food, and more.
Isotopes & Radiation
Members are devoted to applying nuclear science and engineering technologies involving isotopes, radiation applications, and associated equipment in scientific research, development, and industrial processes. Their interests lie primarily in education, industrial uses, biology, medicine, and health physics. Division committees include Analytical Applications of Isotopes and Radiation, Biology and Medicine, Radiation Applications, Radiation Sources and Detection, and Thermal Power Sources.
Conference on Nuclear Training and Education: A Biennial International Forum (CONTE 2023)
February 6–9, 2023
Amelia Island, FL|Omni Amelia Island Resort
The Standards Committee is responsible for the development and maintenance of voluntary consensus standards that address the design, analysis, and operation of components, systems, and facilities related to the application of nuclear science and technology. Find out What’s New, check out the Standards Store, or Get Involved today!
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
Nuclear energy: enabling production of food, fiber, hydrocarbon biofuels, and negative carbon emissions
In the 1960s, Alvin Weinberg at Oak Ridge National Laboratory initiated a series of studies on nuclear agro-industrial complexes1 to address the needs of the world’s growing population. Agriculture was a central component of these studies, as it must be. Much of the emphasis was on desalination of seawater to provide fresh water for irrigation of crops. Remarkable advances have lowered the cost of desalination to make that option viable in countries like Israel. Later studies2 asked the question, are there sufficient minerals (potassium, phosphorous, copper, nickel, etc.) to enable a prosperous global society assuming sufficient nuclear energy? The answer was a qualified “yes,” with the caveat that mineral resources will limit some technological options. These studies were defined by the characteristic of looking across agricultural and industrial sectors to address multiple challenges using nuclear energy.
Francisco I. Valentín, Gregory Daines
Nuclear Technology | Volume 207 | Number 6 | June 2021 | Pages 801-814
Technical Paper | doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2020.1826271
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Creare is developing a miniature, low-power, free-piston energy conversion system. Our converter is designed to transform thermal energy from radioisotope heater units into on-demand electricity essential to space exploration probes, unmanned surface rovers, small landers, small satellites, and similar small-scale systems operating in darkness. We have achieved a simple system design with a single moving part that requires no recuperator and no regenerators or valves. Our converter technology promises a high-efficiency system in an extremely compact enclosure. This work describes preliminary design, analysis, and testing efforts for our miniaturized converter. We fabricated a laboratory-scale prototype and acquired experimental data at prototypical temperatures to validate our performance models. Our numerical model was able to accurately predict converter losses. In doing so, we also demonstrated the feasibility of our novel thermodynamic cycle through the generation of net positive pressure-volume work of the system at its design temperature (~873 K). These results have been used to guide subsequent converter design modifications. Future work includes the fabrication, testing, and detailed performance assessment of a complete prototype converter.