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A day in the life of the nuclear community
The November issue of Nuclear News is focused on the individuals who make up our nuclear community.
We invited a small group of those individuals to tell us about their day-to-day work in some of the many occupations and applications of nuclear science and technology, and they responded generously. They were ready to tell us about the part they play, together with colleagues and team members, in supplying clean energy, advancing technology, protecting safety and health, and exploring fundamental science.
In these pages, we see a community that can celebrate both those workdays that record progress moving at a steady pace and the exceptional days when a goal is reached, a briefing is delivered, a contract goes through, a discovery is made, or an unforeseen challenge is overcome.
The Nuclear News staff hopes that you enjoy meeting these members of our community—or maybe get reacquainted with friends—through their words and photos.
Prince Amoah, Edward Shitsi, Emmanuel Ampomah-Amoako, Henry Cecil Odoi
Nuclear Technology | Volume 206 | Number 10 | October 2020 | Pages 1615-1624
Technical Note | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2020.1713681
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Following the core conversion of Ghana’s miniature neutron source reactor (MNSR) from highly enriched uranium (HEU) to low-enriched uranium (LEU), there has been a change in the fuel composition, fuel, clad, and other reactor core parameters. Since the allowable core power in a nuclear reactor is limited by thermal considerations, this study presents transient analysis of the LEU core of Ghana Research Reactor−1 (GHARR-1). The transient study has been carried out using the Monte Carlo N-Particle code version 5 (MCNP5) and the Program for the Analysis of Reactor Transients (PARET)/Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) computational tools. The behavior of the reactor core at normal and accident conditions of large reactivity insertions was studied. Transient results obtained for accidental large reactivity insertions of 6.71 mk indicated that boiling might occur in the coolant because under such large reactivity insertions, the coolant temperature was close to the saturation temperature of the coolant. The results show that boiling will not occur in the core for other reactivity insertions of 1.94, 2.1, 2.99, 3.87, and 4.0 mk considering that the outlet coolant temperatures obtained are far below the saturation temperature of 100°C at a pressure of 1 atm. The clad and fuel meat temperatures obtained for all the reactivity insertions are far below the melting points of Zircaloy-4 clad material and UO2 fuel. The results of the power profiles obtained show that the reactor is inherently safe even under large reactivity insertion conditions. The results obtained were found to agree well with the available experimental results. Comparison of the results of the LEU core with the previous HEU core has shown that temperature rise in the LEU core is lower than that in the HEU core under reactor transient conditions.