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A day in the life of the nuclear community
The November issue of Nuclear News is focused on the individuals who make up our nuclear community.
We invited a small group of those individuals to tell us about their day-to-day work in some of the many occupations and applications of nuclear science and technology, and they responded generously. They were ready to tell us about the part they play, together with colleagues and team members, in supplying clean energy, advancing technology, protecting safety and health, and exploring fundamental science.
In these pages, we see a community that can celebrate both those workdays that record progress moving at a steady pace and the exceptional days when a goal is reached, a briefing is delivered, a contract goes through, a discovery is made, or an unforeseen challenge is overcome.
The Nuclear News staff hopes that you enjoy meeting these members of our community—or maybe get reacquainted with friends—through their words and photos.
Mathieu Hursin, Oskari Pakari, Gregory Perret, Pavel Frajtag, Vincent Lamirand, Imre Pázsit, Victor Dykin, Gabor Por, Henrik Nylén, Andreas Pautz
Nuclear Technology | Volume 206 | Number 10 | October 2020 | Pages 1566-1583
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2019.1701906
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The possibility of measuring the gas-phase velocity in a two-phase mixture through the use of neutron noise techniques is demonstrated in the zero-power reactor CROCUS of the Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne. It is the first step toward the experimental validation of an existing theoretical model whose objective is the reconstruction of the void profile in a channel. The use of zero-power research reactors is advantageous due to their clean environment in terms of signal fluctuations. To this end, a channel was installed in the reflector of CROCUS. A two-component mixture is generated inside the channel through the injection of compressed air. The signal fluctuations of neutron detectors located at various axial locations next to the channel are processed to determine the transit time of the gas phase between detectors. Four methods are presented based on the detector signal time series either in the time domain (time correlations between signals) or in the frequency domain (phase of the cross-power spectral density. All four methods returned consistent transit times and similar experimental uncertainty. The largest possible gas injection rates as well as the highest possible neutron flux level improve the visibility of the traveling perturbation and reduce the experimental uncertainty on the transit time for a given acquisition time.