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Isotopes & Radiation
Members are devoted to applying nuclear science and engineering technologies involving isotopes, radiation applications, and associated equipment in scientific research, development, and industrial processes. Their interests lie primarily in education, industrial uses, biology, medicine, and health physics. Division committees include Analytical Applications of Isotopes and Radiation, Biology and Medicine, Radiation Applications, Radiation Sources and Detection, and Thermal Power Sources.
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April 8–10, 2021
North Carolina State University|Raleigh Marriott City Center
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A day in the life of the nuclear community
The November issue of Nuclear News is focused on the individuals who make up our nuclear community.
We invited a small group of those individuals to tell us about their day-to-day work in some of the many occupations and applications of nuclear science and technology, and they responded generously. They were ready to tell us about the part they play, together with colleagues and team members, in supplying clean energy, advancing technology, protecting safety and health, and exploring fundamental science.
In these pages, we see a community that can celebrate both those workdays that record progress moving at a steady pace and the exceptional days when a goal is reached, a briefing is delivered, a contract goes through, a discovery is made, or an unforeseen challenge is overcome.
The Nuclear News staff hopes that you enjoy meeting these members of our community—or maybe get reacquainted with friends—through their words and photos.
G. D. Latimer, W. R. Marcum, W. F. Jones
Nuclear Technology | Volume 206 | Number 9 | September 2020 | Pages 1374-1384
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2020.1712158
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
In this study a series of experiments were performed subjecting surrogate nuclear fuel rods to high-pressure transients to induce fuel dispersion representative of the expected conditions of a fuel rod during a hypothetical loss-of-coolant accident. Experiments were conducted on like-for-like pressurized water reactor geometries in both a single-rod and rod-bundle configuration. In the rod-bundle configuration, a matched index of refraction techniques was employed to provide optical access to the bundle internals and to view the surrogate fuel dispersion event. Both configurations used small lead pellets as a surrogate fuel and were observed with a high-speed camera to capture the transient on a resolved timescale. For the single-rod experiments, the test rod was subjected to pressure transients at 4.0, 8.0, and 12.0 MPa multiple times, and for the rod-bundle experiments, the rod was subjected to 8.0 MPa transients in order to compare mechanical behavior against the single-rod test at 8.0 MPa. For both configurations, the results showed highly variable behavior in both the quantity of fuel dispersed and the mean displacement relative to the burst rod origin, likely due to statistical variations in the internal fuel stack orientation. Measurements of the rod plenum internal pressure showed no discernible difference in depressurization rates at a given pressure, indicating the likelihood that the mass flow rate is limited by the valve orifice in the current experimental configuration. The bundle tests also showed that a 5 × 5 array appears to be too small to capture the full spatial distribution of dispersed fuel, thus future tests will employ a larger bundle size and particle collection technique.