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A day in the life of the nuclear community
The November issue of Nuclear News is focused on the individuals who make up our nuclear community.
We invited a small group of those individuals to tell us about their day-to-day work in some of the many occupations and applications of nuclear science and technology, and they responded generously. They were ready to tell us about the part they play, together with colleagues and team members, in supplying clean energy, advancing technology, protecting safety and health, and exploring fundamental science.
In these pages, we see a community that can celebrate both those workdays that record progress moving at a steady pace and the exceptional days when a goal is reached, a briefing is delivered, a contract goes through, a discovery is made, or an unforeseen challenge is overcome.
The Nuclear News staff hopes that you enjoy meeting these members of our community—or maybe get reacquainted with friends—through their words and photos.
Emory Brown, Yikuan Yan, Wade R. Marcum
Nuclear Technology | Volume 206 | Number 9 | September 2020 | Pages 1296-1307
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2020.1724730
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Using the Laplace transform for solving a two-region (cladding/liquid) conduction problem with an exponentially increasing heat flux boundary condition, an analytic temperature profile has been found. The rate of the temperature increase in the second region (liquid) is used to determine energy deposition in the thermal boundary layer of the liquid. Energy deposition rates are then compared to the latent heat capacity of the growing thermal boundary layer to create a condition for predicting transient critical heat flux (CHF) via the heterogeneous spontaneous nucleation (HSN) trigger mechanism. These analytic predictions are then compared to existing data for exponential power ramp transients with periods ranging from 5 ms up to 10 s. Comparison with experimental data show that the trends of the expected HSN-triggered CHF are in good agreement with the magnitude being controlled by the determination of the maximum boundary layer energy. This work presents the first known attempts to derive a mechanistic CHF prediction model for HSN. Though further work is necessary to develop the HSN model (and is being pursued in parallel to this research), this work will allow for a quantitative prediction of HSN-triggered CHF. Further developments of the HSN model will inform the boundary layer energy threshold that triggers CHF.