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2020 ANS Virtual Winter Meeting
November 16–19, 2020
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U.S. reactor technologies to be featured at IAEA conference
A virtual side event at the 64th General Conference of the International Atomic Energy Agency will spotlight U.S. reactor technologies. The free event, US Reactor Technologies: Flexible Energy Security for Real-World Challenges, will be held this Thursday, September 24, from 9:00 a.m. to 10:30 a.m. (EDT).
The event will highlight the capabilities of small modular reactors and other innovative reactors for addressing countries’ current needs. It will also examine anticipated challenges in the future, as well as underscore the need to act now.
The event is sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Nuclear Energy. Advanced registration is required.
Thiago D. Roberto, Celso M. F. Lapa, Antonio C. M. Alvim
Nuclear Technology | Volume 206 | Number 4 | April 2020 | Pages 527-543
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2019.1666603
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Reactor cavity cooling systems (RCCSs) ensure the physical integrity of the containment structures in a high-temperature gas-cooled test reactor (HTR-10) and a high-temperature gas-cooled pebble-bed module reactor (HTR-PM). HTR-10 is a graphite-moderated and helium-cooled pebble-bed reactor prototype designed to demonstrate the technical feasibility and safety of the pebble-bed reactor design concept under normal and accident conditions. This prototype served as a proof of concept for the HTR-PM that shares several design similarities with the HTR-10, including a reactor cavity that requires cooling owing to the high core outlet temperature. The RCCS conceived in the design of both the reactors increases the inherent safety of the system by dissipating heat through passive heat removal processes. This paper proposes an RCCS model for system-scale analysis. The conventional scale method is adopted to determine the conditions necessary for complete similarity between two RCCSs in the steady-state flow regime. In addition, a scaling evaluation between the RCCSs of both the HTR-10 (model) and HTR-PM (prototype) is performed using the proposed RCCS model based on data from two benchmark problems: pressurized and depressurized loss of forced cooling. This evaluation shows that the RCCSs of the HTR-10 (model) and HTR-PM (prototype) show similarity to a specific operational condition in each of the problems analyzed.