ANS is committed to advancing, fostering, and promoting the development and application of nuclear sciences and technologies to benefit society.
Explore the many uses for nuclear science and its impact on energy, the environment, healthcare, food, and more.
Robotics & Remote Systems
The Mission of the Robotics and Remote Systems Division is to promote the development and application of immersive simulation, robotics, and remote systems for hazardous environments for the purpose of reducing hazardous exposure to individuals, reducing environmental hazards and reducing the cost of performing work.
2020 ANS Virtual Winter Meeting
November 16–19, 2020
The Standards Committee is responsible for the development and maintenance of voluntary consensus standards that address the design, analysis, and operation of components, systems, and facilities related to the application of nuclear science and technology. Find out What’s New, check out the Standards Store, or Get Involved today!
Latest Magazine Issues
Latest Journal Issues
Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
U.S. reactor technologies to be featured at IAEA conference
A virtual side event at the 64th General Conference of the International Atomic Energy Agency will spotlight U.S. reactor technologies. The free event, US Reactor Technologies: Flexible Energy Security for Real-World Challenges, will be held this Thursday, September 24, from 9:00 a.m. to 10:30 a.m. (EDT).
The event will highlight the capabilities of small modular reactors and other innovative reactors for addressing countries’ current needs. It will also examine anticipated challenges in the future, as well as underscore the need to act now.
The event is sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Nuclear Energy. Advanced registration is required.
Sunming Qin, Benedikt Krohn, Victor Petrov, Annalisa Manera
Nuclear Technology | Volume 206 | Number 2 | February 2020 | Pages 307-321
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2019.1591155
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Nonintrusive optical methods of flow visualization, like particle image velocity (PIV) and planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF), have been widely applied to obtain instantaneous velocity and concentration fields with high spatial and temporal resolutions. When there are density variances involved in the flow, however, the optical measurements become challenging. To prevent the laser sheet which is used to illuminate the flow from getting deflected due to the changes of densities, it is essential to match the refractive indices for the solutions used in the experiments. A methodology based on the mixing behavior of a ternary-component system is applied in this work and an index-matched density ratio of 3.16% has been obtained. To form a nonconfined round free jet, an experimental facility was designed with a jet nozzle diameter of 2 mm located at the bottom of a cubic tank with 30-cm side length. The jet flow is established by a servo-engine-driven piston to eliminate possible fluctuations introduced by the motor. A high-fidelity synchronized PIV/PLIF system was utilized to measure the velocity and concentration fields in the self-similar regions for the jet flow with density differences as well as for the reference cases in uniform environments. Results are analyzed and compared in terms of turbulent statistics. Important for validations of computational fluid dynamics simulations, turbulent eddy viscosity as well as turbulent diffusivity are computed according to the Boussinesq hypothesis and the standard gradient-diffusion hypothesis. Scalar transport has been characterized for the jet self-similar region compared with previous literature using pipe-shaped jet nozzle in terms of the decay constants, jet spreading rates, and virtual origins.