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A day in the life of the nuclear community
The November issue of Nuclear News is focused on the individuals who make up our nuclear community.
We invited a small group of those individuals to tell us about their day-to-day work in some of the many occupations and applications of nuclear science and technology, and they responded generously. They were ready to tell us about the part they play, together with colleagues and team members, in supplying clean energy, advancing technology, protecting safety and health, and exploring fundamental science.
In these pages, we see a community that can celebrate both those workdays that record progress moving at a steady pace and the exceptional days when a goal is reached, a briefing is delivered, a contract goes through, a discovery is made, or an unforeseen challenge is overcome.
The Nuclear News staff hopes that you enjoy meeting these members of our community—or maybe get reacquainted with friends—through their words and photos.
Robert K. Salko, William D. Pointer, Marc-Oliver Delchini, William L. Gurecky, Kevin T. Clarno, Stuart R. Salttery, Victor Petrov, Annalisa Manera
Nuclear Technology | Volume 205 | Number 12 | December 2019 | Pages 1697-1706
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2019.1585734
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The Consortium for Advanced Simulation of Light Water Reactors is developing a core simulator capability known as the Virtual Environment for Reactor Applications (VERA) to address nuclear industry challenge problems such as crud-induced power shift (CIPS). The CTF thermal-hydraulic (T/H) subchannel code provides thermal feedback in the coupled neutronics, T/H, crud chemistry simulation that VERA performs. It has been discovered that the coarse meshing approach used by CTF (in which fuel rods are discretized into four azimuthal segments) can be a source of error in predicting crud growth and boron distribution in VERA CIPS calculations. Spacer grid effects lead to complex rod-to-fluid heat transfer behavior that, when not resolved, can lead to error in the prediction of crud growth and boron deposition. A higher-fidelity computational fluid dynamics approach can be used instead of CTF, but this leads to excessive simulation times. This paper presents an approach for using high-fidelity computational fluid dynamics data to create shape functions that are used in CTF to reconstruct rod surface heat transfer behavior as a function of spacer grid geometry. The approach is demonstrated for a 5 × 5 rod bundle facility with five mixing vane grids under a range of operating conditions encountered in nominal pressurized water reactor conditions. It is demonstrated that the grid heat transfer maps are successful at introducing a higher-fidelity heat transfer modeling capability into CTF.