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A day in the life of the nuclear community
The November issue of Nuclear News is focused on the individuals who make up our nuclear community.
We invited a small group of those individuals to tell us about their day-to-day work in some of the many occupations and applications of nuclear science and technology, and they responded generously. They were ready to tell us about the part they play, together with colleagues and team members, in supplying clean energy, advancing technology, protecting safety and health, and exploring fundamental science.
In these pages, we see a community that can celebrate both those workdays that record progress moving at a steady pace and the exceptional days when a goal is reached, a briefing is delivered, a contract goes through, a discovery is made, or an unforeseen challenge is overcome.
The Nuclear News staff hopes that you enjoy meeting these members of our community—or maybe get reacquainted with friends—through their words and photos.
Nathan W. Porter, Vincent A. Mousseau, Maria N. Avramova
Nuclear Technology | Volume 205 | Number 12 | December 2019 | Pages 1607-1617
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2018.1548221
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
This paper introduces a framework for model selection that includes parameter estimation, uncertainty propagation, and quantified validation. The framework is applied to single-phase turbulent friction modeling in CTF, which is a thermal-hydraulic code for nuclear engineering applications. The friction model is chosen because it is well understood and easy to separate from other physics, which allows focus to be on the model selection framework instead of on the particulars of the chosen model. Two different empirical models are compared: the McAdams Correlation and the Simplified McAdams Correlation. The parameter estimation is performed by calibrating each of the friction models to experimental data using the Delayed Rejection Adaptive Metropolis algorithm, which is a Markov Chain Monte Carlo method. State point uncertainties are also considered, which are determined based on measurement errors from the experiment. The input parameter distributions are propagated through CTF using a statistical method with samples. A variety of validation metrics is used to quantify which empirical model is more accurate. It is shown that model form uncertainty can be quantified using validation once all other sources of uncertainty—numerical, sampling, experimental, and parameter—have been quantitatively addressed. When multiple models are available, the one that has the smallest model form error can be selected. Though the framework is applied to a simple example here, the same process can quantify the model form uncertainty of more complicated physics, multiple models, and simulation tools in other fields. Therefore, this work is a demonstration of best practices for future assessments of model form uncertainty.