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Division members promote the advancement of mathematical and computational methods for solving problems arising in all disciplines encompassed by the Society. They place particular emphasis on numerical techniques for efficient computer applications to aid in the dissemination, integration, and proper use of computer codes, including preparation of computational benchmark and development of standards for computing practices, and to encourage the development on new computer codes and broaden their use.
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North Carolina State University|Raleigh Marriott City Center
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A day in the life of the nuclear community
The November issue of Nuclear News is focused on the individuals who make up our nuclear community.
We invited a small group of those individuals to tell us about their day-to-day work in some of the many occupations and applications of nuclear science and technology, and they responded generously. They were ready to tell us about the part they play, together with colleagues and team members, in supplying clean energy, advancing technology, protecting safety and health, and exploring fundamental science.
In these pages, we see a community that can celebrate both those workdays that record progress moving at a steady pace and the exceptional days when a goal is reached, a briefing is delivered, a contract goes through, a discovery is made, or an unforeseen challenge is overcome.
The Nuclear News staff hopes that you enjoy meeting these members of our community—or maybe get reacquainted with friends—through their words and photos.
Bertrand Iooss, Amandine Marrel
Nuclear Technology | Volume 205 | Number 12 | December 2019 | Pages 1588-1606
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2019.1573617
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
In the framework of the estimation of safety margins in nuclear accident analysis, a quantitative assessment of the uncertainties tainting the results of computer simulations is essential. Accurate uncertainty propagation (estimation of high probabilities or quantiles) and quantitative sensitivity analysis may call for several thousand code simulations. Complex computer codes, as the ones used in thermal-hydraulic accident scenario simulations, are often too CPU-time expensive to be directly used to perform these studies. A solution consists in replacing the computer model by a CPU-inexpensive mathematical function, called a metamodel, built from a reduced number of code simulations. However, in case of high-dimensional experiments (with typically several tens of inputs), the metamodel building process remains difficult. To face this limitation, we propose a methodology which combines several advanced statistical tools: initial space-filling design, screening to identify the noninfluential inputs, and Gaussian process (Gp) metamodel building with the group of influential inputs as explanatory variables. The residual effect of the group of noninfluential inputs is captured by another Gp metamodel. Then, the resulting joint Gp metamodel is used to accurately estimate Sobol’ sensitivity indices and high quantiles (here 95% quantile). The efficiency of the methodology to deal with a large number of inputs and reduce the calculation budget is illustrated on a thermal-hydraulic calculation case simulating with the CATHARE2 code a loss-of-coolant accident scenario in a pressurized water reactor. A predictive Gp metamodel is built with only a few hundred code simulations which allows the calculation of the Sobol’ sensitivity indices. This Gp also provides a more accurate estimation of the 95% quantile and associated confidence interval than the empirical approach, at equal calculation budget. Moreover, on this test case, the joint Gp approach outperforms the simple Gp.