Predictive Modeling Methodology constitutes an innovative approach to perform uncertainty analysis (UA) that reduces the subjective and user-defined ways to manage experimental data and derive uncertainty of input parameters that characterize the Propagation of Input Uncertainties (PIU) and/or Propagation of Output Accuracies (POA) methods.

The Code with the capability of Adjoint Sensitivity and Uncertainty AnaLysis by Internal Data ADjustment and assimilation (CASUALIDAD) method can be developed as a fully deterministic method based on advanced mathematical tools to internally perform in the thermal-hydraulic system code the sensitivity analysis (SA) and the UA. The method is based upon powerful mathematical tools to perform the SA and upon the Data Adjustment and Assimilation methodology by which experimental observations are combined with code predictions and their respective errors through the application of the Bayes theorem and of the Principle of Maximum Likelihood to provide an improved estimate of the system state and of the associated uncertainty considering all input parameters that affect any prediction.

The methodology has been structured in two main steps. The first step generates the database of improved estimations (IEs) starting from the available set of experimental data and related qualified calculations. The second step deals with the use of the selected (from the obtained database) set of IEs for the uncertainty evaluation of the predicted nuclear power plant transient scenario.

The proposed methodology clearly interrelates in a consistent and robust framework the code validation issue with the evaluation of the uncertainty of code responses passing through the quantification of input uncertainty parameters of code models, thus constituting a step forward with respect to the subjectivity of the current methods based on PIU and/or POA.