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Decommissioning & Environmental Sciences
The mission of the Decommissioning and Environmental Sciences (DES) Division is to promote the development and use of those skills and technologies associated with the use of nuclear energy and the optimal management and stewardship of the environment, sustainable development, decommissioning, remediation, reutilization, and long-term surveillance and maintenance of nuclear-related installations, and sites. The target audience for this effort is the membership of the Division, the Society, and the public at large.
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
Understanding the ITER Project in the context of global Progress on Fusion
(photo: ITER Project gangway assembly)
The promise of hydrogen fusion as a safe, environmentally friendly, and virtually unlimited source of energy has motivated scientists and engineers for decades. For the general public, the pace of fusion research and development may at times appear to be slow. But for those on the inside, who understand both the technological challenges involved and the transformative impact that fusion can bring to human society in terms of the security of the long-term world energy supply, the extended investment is well worth it.
Failure is not an option.
Riyadh M. Motny, Supathorn Phongikaroon
Nuclear Technology | Volume 205 | Number 5 | May 2019 | Pages 671-683
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2018.1510698
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
This study was conducted to explore the feasibility of rapid setting cement (RSC) as an agent of immobilization for certain elements such as fission products or radioactive materials through evaluation of the setting time, apparent porosity, bulk density, pH value, conductivity, compressive strength, and compositions. Two different cylindrical sample groups were created. The first group was a mixture of the cement powder with deionized water (DIW) and different concentrations of Ce (0, 2, 5, 7.5, and 10 wt%). The second group included the cement powder, artificial seawater (ASW), and same Ce concentration patterns. Samples were analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), fluorescence analysis (XRF), and scanning electron microscopy including energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. The results showed that the final setting time and compressive strength of RSC with both solutions (DIW and ASW) decreased as Ce content increased while opposite trends were observed for the apparent porosity and bulk density of RSC under the same concentration effect. As salt contents increased, the pH decreased while the conductivity increased gradually. The XRD patterns revealed that two newly identified phases were reported, namely CeAl11O18 and Ce4.667 (SiO4)3O. The XRF results showed uniform distribution of Ce concentrations within RSC with both solutions (DIW and ASW). The morphology of matrix samples showed that the existence of Ce distributed on the pore wall or clustered with Si, Al, Mg, K, P, Fe, and O.