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A day in the life of the nuclear community
The November issue of Nuclear News is focused on the individuals who make up our nuclear community.
We invited a small group of those individuals to tell us about their day-to-day work in some of the many occupations and applications of nuclear science and technology, and they responded generously. They were ready to tell us about the part they play, together with colleagues and team members, in supplying clean energy, advancing technology, protecting safety and health, and exploring fundamental science.
In these pages, we see a community that can celebrate both those workdays that record progress moving at a steady pace and the exceptional days when a goal is reached, a briefing is delivered, a contract goes through, a discovery is made, or an unforeseen challenge is overcome.
The Nuclear News staff hopes that you enjoy meeting these members of our community—or maybe get reacquainted with friends—through their words and photos.
Cen Wei, Bao-Wen Yang, Bin Han, Aiguo Liu
Nuclear Technology | Volume 205 | Number 1 | January-February 2019 | Pages 328-337
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2018.1510266
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Mixing vanes attached to a space grid play an important role in heat transfer enhancement, thus increasing critical heat flux. Subchannel analysis and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) are usually applied to simulate the coolant flow behavior in a fuel assembly. In subchannel analysis, the mixing effect, mainly turbulent mixing, produced by mixing vane grids (MVGs) is represented by a coefficient β without considering flow direction and mixing vane arrangement. However, in CFD computation, the mixing effect can be simulated more closely. The objective of this paper is to evaluate the mixing coefficient β used in subchannel analysis by a CFD code. Then, the effects of the three MVGs are compared qualitatively and quantitatively.
Through the analysis, an effective mixing coefficient adopted in the subchannal codes should be related to the vane arrangement. Improvements for β are needed to better reflect the true mixing function from the spacer grid relevant to its mixing vane arrangement. Besides the lateral velocity distribution, secondary flow intensity, temperature distribution, and thermal nonuniformity are different for different vane arrangement patterns.