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Improving task performance, system reliability, system and personnel safety, efficiency, and effectiveness are the division's main objectives. Its major areas of interest include task design, procedures, training, instrument and control layout and placement, stress control, anthropometrics, psychological input, and motivation.
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North Carolina State University|Raleigh Marriott City Center
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A day in the life of the nuclear community
The November issue of Nuclear News is focused on the individuals who make up our nuclear community.
We invited a small group of those individuals to tell us about their day-to-day work in some of the many occupations and applications of nuclear science and technology, and they responded generously. They were ready to tell us about the part they play, together with colleagues and team members, in supplying clean energy, advancing technology, protecting safety and health, and exploring fundamental science.
In these pages, we see a community that can celebrate both those workdays that record progress moving at a steady pace and the exceptional days when a goal is reached, a briefing is delivered, a contract goes through, a discovery is made, or an unforeseen challenge is overcome.
The Nuclear News staff hopes that you enjoy meeting these members of our community—or maybe get reacquainted with friends—through their words and photos.
Guanyi Wang, Yikuan Yan, Shanbin Shi, Zhuoran Dang, Xiaohong Yang, Mamoru Ishii
Nuclear Technology | Volume 205 | Number 1 | January-February 2019 | Pages 297-306
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2018.1493317
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
As one of the future directions of nuclear energy development, small modular reactor (SMR) designs meet the demands of safety, sustainability, and efficiency by eliminating circulating pumps and using natural circulation–driven flows to transfer fission energy to power. However, natural circulation–driven flows could be affected by two-phase-flow instability that may occur during accidental scenarios of pressurized water reactor (PWR)-type SMRs due to relatively small driving force. In view of the influence of two-phase-flow instability during accident transients for a PWR-type SMR, experiments are performed in a well-scaled test facility to investigate potential thermal-hydraulic flow instabilities during blowdown events. The test facility has a height of 3.44 m, and the operating pressure limit is 1.0 MPa. The scaling analyses ensure that the scaled phenomena, i.e., depressurization of the reactor pressure vessel (RPV) and emergency core cooling system valve actuation, could be accurately simulated in the test facility. Important thermal-hydraulic parameters including RPV pressure, containment pressure, local void fraction and temperature, pressure drop, and natural circulation flow rate are measured and analyzed during the blowdown events. Test results show that throughout the experiment the liquid level is always maintained above the heated core and the RPV pressure decreases. Oscillations of the natural circulation flow rate, water level, and pressure drop are observed during blowdown transients. Specific reasons for and mechanisms of the observed instability phenomena are discussed.