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This division promotes the development and timely introduction of fusion energy as a sustainable energy source with favorable economic, environmental, and safety attributes. The division cooperates with other organizations on common issues of multidisciplinary fusion science and technology, conducts professional meetings, and disseminates technical information in support of these goals. Members focus on the assessment and resolution of critical developmental issues for practical fusion energy applications.
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A day in the life of the nuclear community
The November issue of Nuclear News is focused on the individuals who make up our nuclear community.
We invited a small group of those individuals to tell us about their day-to-day work in some of the many occupations and applications of nuclear science and technology, and they responded generously. They were ready to tell us about the part they play, together with colleagues and team members, in supplying clean energy, advancing technology, protecting safety and health, and exploring fundamental science.
In these pages, we see a community that can celebrate both those workdays that record progress moving at a steady pace and the exceptional days when a goal is reached, a briefing is delivered, a contract goes through, a discovery is made, or an unforeseen challenge is overcome.
The Nuclear News staff hopes that you enjoy meeting these members of our community—or maybe get reacquainted with friends—through their words and photos.
Bin Han, Bao-Wen Yang, Cen Wei, Yudong Zha
Nuclear Technology | Volume 205 | Number 1 | January-February 2019 | Pages 68-76
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2018.1506658
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The spacer grid is one of the most important parts of a fuel assembly for enhancing thermal-hydraulic performance. The mixing vane is a critical component of the spacer grid (or mixing vane grid) to produce lateral flow, turbulence, vortex, and other mixing mechanisms downstream of the grid. The design and arrangement of mixing vanes could influence the flow condition downstream, especially the lateral flow and vortex surrounding the rod bundle, which directly affect not only the hydraulics and heat transfer but also the critical heat flux. Understanding fundamental mixing characteristics is of great importance for fuel assembly design. Instead of using complicated geometries, this paper studies the lateral flow velocity and vortex in a simple 2 × 1 channel with a spacer grid in order to obtain the behavior of a single mixing vane and its effect on the downstream lateral velocity and vortex. Then, the effect of mixing vane arrangements on pressure drop is studied by researching the lateral velocity and vortex in the 2 × 1 channel with two mixing vanes. Several indexes that could reflect the mixing characteristics, such as lateral velocity and vortex, are introduced to assess the performance of the mixing vanes. Because of the presence of walls in both the experiment and the simulation, the lateral flow will reflect upon the impact of the obstruction walls or rods, which would cause vortex rotation. Rotation time and flow pattern are also studied in this paper. Qualitative and quantitative analyses are carried out to obtain the lateral velocity, the vortex angle, and its period of rotation. This work may be applied to the design and optimization of mixing vanes.