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Isotopes & Radiation
Members are devoted to applying nuclear science and engineering technologies involving isotopes, radiation applications, and associated equipment in scientific research, development, and industrial processes. Their interests lie primarily in education, industrial uses, biology, medicine, and health physics. Division committees include Analytical Applications of Isotopes and Radiation, Biology and Medicine, Radiation Applications, Radiation Sources and Detection, and Thermal Power Sources.
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
Protein shows potential to accelerate cancer therapy research and application
Scientists at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and Pennsylvania State University have demonstrated that a natural protein found bonded to rare earth elements can be recovered and used as a tool to purify and effectively manage radioactive metals that show promise for cancer therapy and the detection of illicit nuclear activities.
Dong Hun Lee, Seungjin Kim, Han Young Yoon, Jae Jun Jeong
Nuclear Technology | Volume 204 | Number 3 | December 2018 | Pages 330-342
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2018.1475193
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Two-phase flow in a horizontal pipe has a pronounced feature; that is, two-phase-flow parameters are highly nonsymmetric because gravity is perpendicular to the mean flow direction. Thus, three-dimensional analysis is necessary for the accurate prediction of two-phase flow in a horizontal pipe, such as the hot leg and cold leg of a pressurized water reactor and the pressure tubes in a CANDU reactor. In this study, we simulated bubbly flows in horizontal pipes using the CUPID code, which adopts a two-fluid, three-field model for two-phase flow. In the preliminary calculations, it was found that the particle-averaged two-fluid momentum equation, rather than the standard two-fluid momentum equation, predicts a physically reasonable slip ratio and nondrag forces, except turbulent dispersion forces have negligible effects on the radial void distribution when the particle-averaged two-fluid momentum equation is used. Based on the results, we selected the physical models and computational mesh for subsequent code assessment using various bubbly flow experiments in horizontal pipes. The turbulent dispersion force model was improved to take into account the large void fraction change at the top. The results of the code assessment show good predictions for the axial pressure drop, liquid velocity, and turbulent kinetic energy profile and predict reasonably well the effects of jl and jg on two-phase-flow parameters. However, additional studies are needed for more accurate prediction of the nonsymmetric distribution of gas velocity and turbulent kinetic energy.