ANS is committed to advancing, fostering, and promoting the development and application of nuclear sciences and technologies to benefit society.
Explore the many uses for nuclear science and its impact on energy, the environment, healthcare, food, and more.
Radiation Protection & Shielding
The Radiation Protection and Shielding Division is developing and promoting radiation protection and shielding aspects of nuclear science and technology — including interaction of nuclear radiation with materials and biological systems, instruments and techniques for the measurement of nuclear radiation fields, and radiation shield design and evaluation.
2021 Student Conference
April 8–10, 2021
The Standards Committee is responsible for the development and maintenance of voluntary consensus standards that address the design, analysis, and operation of components, systems, and facilities related to the application of nuclear science and technology. Find out What’s New, check out the Standards Store, or Get Involved today!
Latest Magazine Issues
Latest Journal Issues
Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
FERC to look at grid reliability
Spurred by last week’s power grid failure in Texas, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission on Monday announced that it will open a new proceeding to examine the threat that climate change and extreme weather events pose to electric reliability. The proceeding, FERC said, will investigate how grid operators prepare for and respond to these events, including droughts, extreme cold, wildfires, hurricanes, and prolonged heat waves.
Dong Hun Lee, Seungjin Kim, Han Young Yoon, Jae Jun Jeong
Nuclear Technology | Volume 204 | Number 3 | December 2018 | Pages 330-342
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2018.1475193
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Two-phase flow in a horizontal pipe has a pronounced feature; that is, two-phase-flow parameters are highly nonsymmetric because gravity is perpendicular to the mean flow direction. Thus, three-dimensional analysis is necessary for the accurate prediction of two-phase flow in a horizontal pipe, such as the hot leg and cold leg of a pressurized water reactor and the pressure tubes in a CANDU reactor. In this study, we simulated bubbly flows in horizontal pipes using the CUPID code, which adopts a two-fluid, three-field model for two-phase flow. In the preliminary calculations, it was found that the particle-averaged two-fluid momentum equation, rather than the standard two-fluid momentum equation, predicts a physically reasonable slip ratio and nondrag forces, except turbulent dispersion forces have negligible effects on the radial void distribution when the particle-averaged two-fluid momentum equation is used. Based on the results, we selected the physical models and computational mesh for subsequent code assessment using various bubbly flow experiments in horizontal pipes. The turbulent dispersion force model was improved to take into account the large void fraction change at the top. The results of the code assessment show good predictions for the axial pressure drop, liquid velocity, and turbulent kinetic energy profile and predict reasonably well the effects of jl and jg on two-phase-flow parameters. However, additional studies are needed for more accurate prediction of the nonsymmetric distribution of gas velocity and turbulent kinetic energy.