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Newest Russian icebreaker ready to hit the ice
The Russian nuclear-powered icebreaker Arktika. Photo: Rosatom
The Arktika, Russia’s latest nuclear-powered icebreaker, sailed from the Baltic Shipyard in St. Petersburg last week, bound for the Murmansk seaport. The voyage is scheduled to take approximately two weeks, during which time the vessel will be tested “in ice conditions,” according to Rosatom, Russia’s state-owned atomic energy corporation.
Yoshitaka Naito, Kazuo Azekura
Nuclear Technology | Volume 204 | Number 1 | October 2018 | Pages 94-100
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2018.1469344
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
In this paper, a method is proposed to evaluate the extent of subcriticality of an accident-damaged nuclear reactor. With this method the activity ratio of two fission product (FP) rare gas nuclides and is measured. From the measured value, the value of the nuclides in the fuel region is estimated by correcting for the time lag incurred when the gases diffuse from the fuel region to the measuring point. A simple expression for an effective multiplication factor has been derived that uses the corrected -to- activity ratio and the -to- fission yield ratios of and but that does not require information on the amount or distribution of the fuel material, making the proposed method very simple. This method has the advantage that FP rare gases can easily leak from the reactor core through many openings and gaps, reaching germanium counters without reacting with other materials.