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From the pages of Nuclear News: Industry update November 2023
Here is a recap of industry happenings from the recent past:
Centrus-Oklo partnership expands
Oklo, a California-based developer of next-generation fission reactors, has expanded its partnership with Centrus Energy, a Maryland-based supplier of nuclear fuel and services. The two companies have been cooperating since 2021 on the development of Centrus’s American Centrifuge Plant in Piketon, Ohio, to produce high-assay low-enriched uranium (HALEU) fuel. According to the companies’ new memorandum of understanding, Centrus will manufacture certain components for Oklo’s Aurora “powerhouse” reactor, a fast neutron reactor designed to generate up to 15 MW of power and operate for at least 10 years without refueling. The Aurora is also designed to produce usable heat. Centrus also has agreed to purchase electricity generated by the Aurora reactors, while Oklo has agreed to purchase HALEU fuel from the Piketon facility. The facility is expected to begin fuel production before the end of the year.
Shaoqiu Huang, Zhiqiang Zhu, Wangli Huang, Jian He, Jie Yu
Nuclear Technology | Volume 203 | Number 3 | September 2018 | Pages 315-324
Technical Paper | doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2018.1460126
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The vibration effect induced by acoustic pressure is one of the issues for ultrasonic Doppler velocimetry measurement in small flow channels. In this paper, the vibration effect in liquid metal lead-bismuth (PbBi) is analyzed. It is found that the vibration velocity is affected by the excitation voltage, backing layer thickness, and fluid acoustic impedance. The vibration velocity increases with excitation voltage and decreases with fluid acoustic impedance. Besides, when the thickness increases from 2 to 6 mm, the vibration velocity decreases slightly, but there are no obvious changes when the thickness is more than 6 mm. Therefore, the excitation voltage should be as low as possible, and the backing layer thickness should be more than 6 mm to minimize the vibration effect. The vibration velocity presents large fluctuation in the near field, while it decreases with the transmission distance in the far field. When the excitation voltage is 36 V, the highest vibration velocity in liquid PbBi is up to 28 mm/s in the vicinity of the transducer. Thus, it may cause relatively large deviation in the transient velocity measurement and disturb the evaluation of turbulence pulsation in small flow channels.