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From the pages of Nuclear News: Industry update November 2023
Here is a recap of industry happenings from the recent past:
Centrus-Oklo partnership expands
Oklo, a California-based developer of next-generation fission reactors, has expanded its partnership with Centrus Energy, a Maryland-based supplier of nuclear fuel and services. The two companies have been cooperating since 2021 on the development of Centrus’s American Centrifuge Plant in Piketon, Ohio, to produce high-assay low-enriched uranium (HALEU) fuel. According to the companies’ new memorandum of understanding, Centrus will manufacture certain components for Oklo’s Aurora “powerhouse” reactor, a fast neutron reactor designed to generate up to 15 MW of power and operate for at least 10 years without refueling. The Aurora is also designed to produce usable heat. Centrus also has agreed to purchase electricity generated by the Aurora reactors, while Oklo has agreed to purchase HALEU fuel from the Piketon facility. The facility is expected to begin fuel production before the end of the year.
R. V. Arutyunyan, D. A. Pripachkin, K. S. Dolganov, S. V. Tsaun, S. N. Krasnoperov, D. V. Aron, D. Yu. Tomashchik, E. L. Serebryakov, S. V. Panchenko, A. V. Shikin
Nuclear Technology | Volume 203 | Number 1 | July 2018 | Pages 92-100
Technical Paper | doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2018.1432839
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Specialized computer codes that model the behavior of aerosol particles propagating through a system of pipes or air ducts are used for assessment of aerosol particle deposition. Developed in Russia, SOCRAT/V3 is one such code. SOCRAT/V3 was used for modeling of the transport of radioactive aerosols containing the 137Cs radionuclide through an air duct during a real emergency. The obtained results of the modeling were used to estimate the exposure dose rate (EDR) of gamma radiation near the air duct. The results of the estimation were compared with data of real measurements of the gamma-radiation EDR along the air duct.
This paper proposes an approach to assessment of source term in the case of radioactive aerosol releases using (1) a thermophysical code (SOCRAT/V3), allowing modeling of physical processes that influence the formation and transport of aerosols, and (2) data of in situ measurements for the external EDR from contaminated air ducts.