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Base for second Hinkley Point C reactor completed
Concrete pour at the Hinkley Point C2 reactor. Photo: EDF Energy
Workers at the Hinkley Point C nuclear construction project in the United Kingdom have completed the 49,000-ton base for the station’s second reactor, Unit C2, hitting a target date set more than four years ago, according to EDF Energy.
J. Krejčí, V. Vrtílková, J. Kabátová, A. Přibyl, P. Gajdoš, D. Rada, J. Šustr
Nuclear Technology | Volume 201 | Number 1 | January 2018 | Pages 52-65
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2017.1389595
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
High-temperature oxidation of WWER fuel cladding under loss-of-coolant accident conditions represents a significant problem and an issue of ongoing study. A study of oxidation kinetics under high-temperature steam oxidation was carried out on a sponge-based E110 cladding tube material in as-received state and exposed to a temperature range between 600°C and 1300°C. Metallographic evaluation of the samples was used to determine the analytical dependencies of the processes of the oxide layer and the oxygen stabilized alpha-zirconium layer formation.
The formation of this oxide layer and the layer under the oxide (oxygen stabilized alpha-zirconium) was usually considered to follow a parabolic rate law (e.g., Cathcart-Pawel for Zircaloy, and Solyany for iodide/electrolytic E110), however, the recently performed UJP PRAHA a.s. (UJP) experiments showed different kinetics for oxide layers in the whole temperature range between 600°C and 1300°C. The metallographic evaluation showed changing kinetics of oxide layer formation for several temperatures. Therefore, a new oxide layer formation kinetics, different from the parabolic law, was designed. The parabolic rate law was optimized for the oxygen stabilized alpha-zirconium, which is applicable in the temperature range between 950°C and 1300°C.
The UJP experimental database containing more than 1000 data values was compared with the newly developed UJP correlations and other available correlations for iodide/electrolytic E110 and Zircaloy alloys. The UJP correlation for weight gain kinetics was compared with experimental data from different laboratories. Finally, a statistical analysis of all tested correlations is provided.