ANS is committed to advancing, fostering, and promoting the development and application of nuclear sciences and technologies to benefit society.
Explore the many uses for nuclear science and its impact on energy, the environment, healthcare, food, and more.
Nuclear Installations Safety
Devoted specifically to the safety of nuclear installations and the health and safety of the public, this division seeks a better understanding of the role of safety in the design, construction and operation of nuclear installation facilities. The division also promotes engineering and scientific technology advancement associated with the safety of such facilities.
2024 ANS Annual Conference
June 16–19, 2024
Las Vegas, NV|Mandalay Bay Resort and Casino
The Standards Committee is responsible for the development and maintenance of voluntary consensus standards that address the design, analysis, and operation of components, systems, and facilities related to the application of nuclear science and technology. Find out What’s New, check out the Standards Store, or Get Involved today!
Latest Magazine Issues
Latest Journal Issues
Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
AI can predict and prevent fusion plasma instabilities in milliseconds
A team of engineers, physicists, and data scientists from Princeton University and the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) have used artificial intelligence (AI) to predict—and then avoid—the formation of a specific type of plasma instability in magnetic confinement fusion tokamaks. The researchers built and trained a model using past experimental data from operations at the DIII-D National Fusion Facility in San Diego, Calif., before proving through real-time experiments that their model could forecast so-called tearing mode instabilities up to 300 milliseconds in advance—enough time for an AI controller to adjust operating parameters and avoid a tear in the plasma that could potentially end the fusion reaction.
P. Chandramohan, M. P. Srinivasan, S. Velmurugan
Nuclear Technology | Volume 200 | Number 3 | December 2017 | Pages 269-277
Technical Paper | doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2017.1371561
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Chromite or chromium containing oxides are formed as a protective oxide film on the stainless steel surface of heat transport systems. The chemical dissolution of these passive oxide films forms an important step in decontamination formulation development for water-cooled nuclear reactor systems. Dissolved ozone as a reagent was tested for effective chemical dissolution of Fe3+ substituted in nickel chromite and individual component oxides. The study showed the importance of the solution pH and temperature on the dissolution kinetics of Cr2O3, NiO, and NiFexCr2-xO4. Neutral water pH or 0.04 mM OH− were better for achieving a high dissolution rate for chromium containing oxides compared to acidic (2.5 mM H+) or alkaline conditions. In an acidic condition, the release of nickel from NiO or nickel chromite was more in the ozone medium compared to a high pH condition. Substitution of Fe3+ in nickel chromite affected the dissolution behavior in the ozone medium. The dissolution of Fe3+ substituted in nickel chromite showed a small increase in the dissolution rate constant with up to composition x = 0.4, and further increase in the Fe3+ composition in the oxide lattice decreased the dissolution rate constant.