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Nuclear Nonproliferation Policy
The mission of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Policy Division (NNPD) is to promote the peaceful use of nuclear technology while simultaneously preventing the diversion and misuse of nuclear material and technology through appropriate safeguards and security, and promotion of nuclear nonproliferation policies. To achieve this mission, the objectives of the NNPD are to: Promote policy that discourages the proliferation of nuclear technology and material to inappropriate entities. Provide information to ANS members, the technical community at large, opinion leaders, and decision makers to improve their understanding of nuclear nonproliferation issues. Become a recognized technical resource on nuclear nonproliferation, safeguards, and security issues. Serve as the integration and coordination body for nuclear nonproliferation activities for the ANS. Work cooperatively with other ANS divisions to achieve these objective nonproliferation policies.
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Newest Russian icebreaker ready to hit the ice
The Arktika, Russia’s latest nuclear-powered icebreaker, sailed from the Baltic Shipyard in St. Petersburg last week, bound for the Murmansk seaport. The voyage is scheduled to take approximately two weeks, during which time the vessel will be tested “in ice conditions,” according to Rosatom, Russia’s state-owned atomic energy corporation.
Kevin R. Robb, Judith M. Cuta, L. Paul Miller
Nuclear Technology | Volume 199 | Number 3 | September 2017 | Pages 289-298
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2017.1346446
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
In the United States, approximately 2500 casks are loaded with commercial spent nuclear fuel (SNF) that has transitioned from wet storage (spent fuel pools) to dry storage. The number of loaded dry storage casks is increasing by approximately 200 each year. Over time, cask designs have evolved to enhance safety and to accommodate more fuel and higher heat loads. Also, higher burnup fuel is being transitioned into dry storage. The SNF is being stored in dry casks for longer times than specified in the original certification period. Several degradation mechanisms related to fuel assemblies and canisters are affected by temperature. For the cladding, temperature-dependent phenomena include creep and annealing, hydride reorientation and embrittlement, and the ductile-to-brittle transition. Temperature can also influence phenomena that affect the long-term integrity of the storage system, including deliquescence, corrosion, and stress-corrosion cracking. Therefore, accurate determination of the temperatures of various components is needed to evaluate potential safety-related issues during transportation after extended storage and to ensure SNF retrievability. The Used Nuclear Fuel-Storage, Transportation & Disposal Analysis Resource and Data System (UNF-ST&DARDS) is being developed for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energy to streamline analyses for the waste management system [Nucl. Technol., Vol. 195, p. 124 (2017)]. The thermal analysis capability within UNF-ST&DARDS and example results are discussed herein.