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Fuel Cycle & Waste Management
Devoted to all aspects of the nuclear fuel cycle including waste management, worldwide. Division specific areas of interest and involvement include uranium conversion and enrichment; fuel fabrication, management (in-core and ex-core) and recycle; transportation; safeguards; high-level, low-level and mixed waste management and disposal; public policy and program management; decontamination and decommissioning environmental restoration; and excess weapons materials disposition.
Conference on Nuclear Training and Education: A Biennial International Forum (CONTE 2023)
February 6–9, 2023
Amelia Island, FL|Omni Amelia Island Resort
The Standards Committee is responsible for the development and maintenance of voluntary consensus standards that address the design, analysis, and operation of components, systems, and facilities related to the application of nuclear science and technology. Find out What’s New, check out the Standards Store, or Get Involved today!
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Fusion Science and Technology
Bringing 2022 ANS Standards Committee successes into the new year
By all accounts, 2022 brought many successes for the American Nuclear Society’s Standards Committee, including the initiation of five projects, reaffirmation of 11 current standards, and publication of seven new or revised standards. The entire collection of ANS current standards has been approved or reaffirmed (reapproved without change) by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) within the past five years, keeping ANS in 100 percent compliance with ANSI’s requirement on maintaining current American National Standards. Also, the ANS standards program was reaccredited by ANSI on August 19, 2022, with the approval of a revised set of rules and procedures. ANS’s new rules and procedures take advantage of the opportunity to develop standards-related technical reports that may be registered with ANSI.
J. B. Clarity, K. Banerjee, H. K. Liljenfeldt, W. J. Marshall
Nuclear Technology | Volume 199 | Number 3 | September 2017 | Pages 245-275
Technical Paper | doi.org/10.1080/00295450.2017.1361250
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
A novel assessment has been completed to determine the previously unquantified and uncredited criticality margin available in as-loaded commercial spent nuclear fuel (SNF) canisters. This assessment was performed as part of a broader effort to assess issues and uncertainties with storage, subsequent transportation, and final disposal of SNF canister systems. Detailed analyses crediting the burnup, initial enrichment, and postirradiation cooling time of actual SNF inventory were performed for 554 SNF canisters stored at 23 commercial reactor sites to determine realistic criticality safety margins. These detailed analyses were automated by the Used Nuclear Fuel-Storage, Transportation & Disposal Analysis Resource and Data System (UNF-ST&DARDS), a comprehensive, integrated data and analysis tool. Calculated, uncredited criticality margins (Δkeff) with respect to the safety analysis results range from 0 to almost 0.30 Δkeff for normal storage and transportation cases. Calculated eigenvalues (keff) range from 0.72 to 1.11 assuming a degraded neutron absorber disposal condition, and they range from 0.94 to 1.20 assuming a degraded basket disposal condition. Calculations with NaCl present in the moderator (which is possible for certain disposal geologies) were used to demonstrate the possibility for subcriticality for degraded cases with a keff above 0.98 with freshwater. The methods used to calculate keff for the canisters analyzed in this work are discussed in detail.
The results demonstrate that, for the majority of canisters analyzed here, significant uncredited safety margin is available that could be used to compensate for uncertainties in the SNF assembly and canister internal components. These uncertainties are associated with long-term storage and subsequent transportation and disposal. Results also suggest that the inherent margins associated with how canisters are loaded could support future changes in licensing SNF storage and transportation systems to directly or indirectly credit the margins associated with actual SNF characteristics. Ongoing research continues to gather additional data to quantify uncredited safety margins for SNF canisters loaded at other nuclear reactor sites and to explore potential methods for applying this uncredited margin.