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Animation depicts Hanford’s direct-feed waste treatment process
The Department of Energy’s Office of Environmental Management (EM) has released an animated video of the Direct-Feed Low-Activity Waste (DFLAW) Program at the Hanford Site near Richland, Wash. The video shows the integrated procedure for treating Hanford’s radioactive tank waste, a process EM says is a key component of its strategic cleanup vision.
View the animation here.
Michio Murase, Yoichi Utanohara, Takayoshi Kusunoki, Yasunori Yamamoto, Dirk Lucas, Akio Tomiyama
Nuclear Technology | Volume 197 | Number 2 | February 2017 | Pages 140-157
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.13182/NT16-96
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
We proposed prediction methods for countercurrent flow limitation (CCFL) in horizontal and slightly inclined pipes with one-dimensional (1-D) computations and uncertainty of computed CCFL. In this study, we applied the proposed methods to a full-scale pressurizer surge line [inclination angle θ = 0.6 deg, diameter D = 300 mm, and ratio of the length to the diameter (L/D) = 63] in a specific pressurized water reactor, performed 1-D computations and three-dimensional (3-D) numerical simulations, and found that uncertainties caused by effects of the diameter and fluid properties on CCFL were small. We also applied the proposed methods to experiments for hot-leg and surge line models (θ = 0 and 0.6 deg, D = 0.03 to 0.65 m, and L/D = 4.5 to 63) to generalize them, performed 1-D computations, and found that uncertainties caused by effects of θ and L on CCFL were large due to the setting error for θ and differences among experiments. This shows that a small-scale air-water experiment with the same θ and L/D as those in an actual plant is effective to reduce the uncertainty of CCFL prediction.