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Isotopes & Radiation
Members are devoted to applying nuclear science and engineering technologies involving isotopes, radiation applications, and associated equipment in scientific research, development, and industrial processes. Their interests lie primarily in education, industrial uses, biology, medicine, and health physics. Division committees include Analytical Applications of Isotopes and Radiation, Biology and Medicine, Radiation Applications, Radiation Sources and Detection, and Thermal Power Sources.
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November 16–19, 2020
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Newest Russian icebreaker ready to hit the ice
The Russian nuclear-powered icebreaker Arktika. Photo: Rosatom
The Arktika, Russia’s latest nuclear-powered icebreaker, sailed from the Baltic Shipyard in St. Petersburg last week, bound for the Murmansk seaport. The voyage is scheduled to take approximately two weeks, during which time the vessel will be tested “in ice conditions,” according to Rosatom, Russia’s state-owned atomic energy corporation.
Michael Nishimura, Yu Liu, Liqian Li, Karen Colins
Nuclear Technology | Volume 195 | Number 2 | August 2016 | Pages 169-180
Technical Paper | dx.doi.org/10.13182/NT15-159
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
With the advancement of computer and communication technologies, wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are increasingly used in nuclear and space applications, both of which may require operation in a high-intensity radiation environment. Gamma rays’ damaging mechanisms in semiconductor devices are described as, and specifically linked to, semiconductor property changes in detectors, transistors, and integrated circuits. Radiation damage is cumulative and can result in the premature failure of WSN nodes. Failed WSN nodes decrease the quality of service of the entire WSN and then delay immediate response to severe accidents. This paper focuses on evaluating the performance of WSN routing protocols in a gamma-ray radiation environment. The probability density function of a Weibull distribution was used to model failures of individual nodes in simulated WSNs. The distribution parameters are based on results of radiation damage tests performed on semiconductor devices in the Gamma-220 facility (60Co source) at the Canadian Nuclear Laboratories. Simulation of the routing protocols [LEACH (Low Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy), LEACH-C (LEACH-Centralized), Stat-Clus (Static Clustering), MTE (Minimum Transmission Energy), and PEGASIS (Power-Efficient Gathering in Sensor Information Systems)] through NS2 (Network Simulator 2) and the resulting performance analyses could provide useful design insights and considerations for nuclear and space applications. The performance of WSN routing protocols is evaluated for the first time in a gamma-ray radiation environment for nuclear and space applications.