ANS is committed to advancing, fostering, and promoting the development and application of nuclear sciences and technologies to benefit society.
Explore the many uses for nuclear science and its impact on energy, the environment, healthcare, food, and more.
Human Factors, Instrumentation & Controls
Improving task performance, system reliability, system and personnel safety, efficiency, and effectiveness are the division's main objectives. Its major areas of interest include task design, procedures, training, instrument and control layout and placement, stress control, anthropometrics, psychological input, and motivation.
2021 Student Conference
April 8–10, 2021
The Standards Committee is responsible for the development and maintenance of voluntary consensus standards that address the design, analysis, and operation of components, systems, and facilities related to the application of nuclear science and technology. Find out What’s New, check out the Standards Store, or Get Involved today!
Latest Magazine Issues
Latest Journal Issues
Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
NC State celebrates 70 years of nuclear engineering education
An early picture of the research reactor building on the North Carolina State University campus. The Department of Nuclear Engineering is celebrating the 70th anniversary of its nuclear engineering curriculum in 2020–2021. Photo: North Carolina State University
The Department of Nuclear Engineering at North Carolina State University has spent the 2020–2021 academic year celebrating the 70th anniversary of its becoming the first U.S. university to establish a nuclear engineering curriculum. It started in 1950, when Clifford Beck, then of Oak Ridge, Tenn., obtained support from NC State’s dean of engineering, Harold Lampe, to build the nation’s first university nuclear reactor and, in conjunction, establish an educational curriculum dedicated to nuclear engineering.
The department, host to the 2021 ANS Virtual Student Conference, scheduled for April 8–10, now features 23 tenure/tenure-track faculty and three research faculty members. “What a journey for the first nuclear engineering curriculum in the nation,” said Kostadin Ivanov, professor and department head.
G. Strydom, A. S. Epiney, A. Alfonsi, C. Rabiti
Nuclear Technology | Volume 193 | Number 1 | January 2016 | Pages 15-35
Technical Paper | Special Issue on the RELAP5-3D Computer Code | dx.doi.org/10.13182/NT14-146
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The Parallel and Highly Innovative Simulation for INL Code System (PHISICS) has been under development at Idaho National Laboratory since 2010. It consists of several modules providing improved coupled core simulation capability: INSTANT (Intelligent Nodal and Semi-structured Treatment for Advanced Neutron Transport) (three-dimensional nodal transport core calculations); MRTAU (Multi- Reactor Transmutation Analysis Utility) (depletion and decay heat generation); and modules performing criticality searches, fuel shuffling, and generalized perturbation. Coupling of the PHISICS code suite to the thermal-hydraulic system code RELAP5-3D was finalized in 2013, and as part of the verification and validation effort, the first phase of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development/Nuclear Energy Agency (OECD/NEA) MHTGR-350 benchmark has now been completed.
The theoretical basis and latest development status of the coupled PHISICS/RELAP5-3D tool are described in more detail in a concurrent paper. This paper provides an overview of the OECD/NEA MHTGR-350 benchmark and presents the results of exercises 2 and 3 defined for phase I. Exercise 2 required the modeling of a stand-alone thermal fluids solution at the end of equilibrium cycle for the Modular High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor (MHTGR). The RELAP5-3D results of four subcases are discussed, consisting of various combinations of coolant bypass flows and material thermophysical properties. Exercise 3 required a coupled neutronics and thermal fluids solution, and the PHISICS/RELAP5-3D code suite was used to calculate the results of two subcases.
The main focus of this paper is a comparison of results obtained with the traditional RELAP5-3D “ring” model approach against a much more detailed model that includes kinetics feedback on individual “block” level and thermal feedbacks on a triangular submesh. The higher fidelity that can be obtained by this block model is illustrated with comparison results on the temperature, power density, and flux distributions. It is shown that the ring model leads to significantly lower fuel temperatures (up to 10%) when compared with the higher-fidelity block model and that the additional model development and run-time efforts are worth the gains obtained in the improved spatial temperature and flux distributions.