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Isotopes & Radiation
Members are devoted to applying nuclear science and engineering technologies involving isotopes, radiation applications, and associated equipment in scientific research, development, and industrial processes. Their interests lie primarily in education, industrial uses, biology, medicine, and health physics. Division committees include Analytical Applications of Isotopes and Radiation, Biology and Medicine, Radiation Applications, Radiation Sources and Detection, and Thermal Power Sources.
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November 15–19, 2020
Chicago, IL|Chicago Marriott Downtown
The Standards Committee is responsible for the development and maintenance of voluntary consensus standards that address the design, analysis, and operation of components, systems, and facilities related to the application of nuclear science and technology. Find out What’s New, check out the Standards Store, or Get Involved today!
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
The CORTEX project: Improving nuclear fleet operational availability
We often define noise as an unwanted disturbance, especially acoustic in nature. Neutron noise, by contrast, is a direct measure of the dynamics of a nuclear core. It can be used for core monitoring without disturbing plant operation and by using the existing core instrumentation. The European CORTEX project aims to develop an innovative core monitoring technique using neutron noise, while capitalizing on the latest developments in neutronic modeling, signal processing, and artificial intelligence.
J. L. Rempe, D. L. Knudson, K. G. Condie, S. Curtis Wilkins
Nuclear Technology | Volume 156 | Number 3 | December 2006 | Pages 320-331
Technical Paper | Radiation Measurements and Instrumentation | dx.doi.org/10.13182/NT06-A3794
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Traditional methods for measuring in-pile temperatures degrade above 1100°C. Hence, the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) initiated a project to explore the use of specialized thermocouples for high temperature in-pile applications. Efforts to develop, fabricate, and evaluate specialized high-temperature thermocouples for in-pile applications suggest that several material combinations are viable. Tests show that several low-neutron cross-section candidate materials resist material interactions and remain ductile at high temperatures. In addition, results indicate that the candidate thermoelements have a thermoelectric response that is single-valued and repeatable with acceptable resolution. The selection of the thermocouple materials depends on desired peak temperature and accuracy requirements. For applications at or above 1600°C, tests indicate that thermocouples having doped molybdenum and Nb-1%Zr thermoelement wires, HfO2 insulation, and a Nb-1%Zr sheath could be used.INL has worked to optimize this thermocouple's stability. With appropriate heat treatment and fabrication approaches, results indicate that thermal cycling effects on this thermocouple's calibration is minimized. INL initiated a series of high-temperature (1200 to 1800°C) long-duration (up to 6 months) tests to assess the long-term stability of these thermocouples. Initial results indicate that the INL-developed thermocouple's thermoelectric response is very stable. Typically, <20°C drift was observed in a 4000-h test at 1200°C. In comparison, commercially available types K and N thermocouples included in these 1200°C tests experienced drifts up to 110°C.