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Members focus on the dissemination of knowledge and information in the area of power reactors with particular application to the production of electric power and process heat. The division sponsors meetings on the coverage of applied nuclear science and engineering as related to power plants, non-power reactors, and other nuclear facilities. It encourages and assists with the dissemination of knowledge pertinent to the safe and efficient operation of nuclear facilities through professional staff development, information exchange, and supporting the generation of viable solutions to current issues.
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August 7–10, 2022
Marco Island, FL|JW Marriott Marco Island
The Standards Committee is responsible for the development and maintenance of voluntary consensus standards that address the design, analysis, and operation of components, systems, and facilities related to the application of nuclear science and technology. Find out What’s New, check out the Standards Store, or Get Involved today!
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By the time you read this, I will have celebrated my 41st anniversary as a member of the American Nuclear Society. In thinking about this time, I find myself realizing that I have never been part of anything else (besides my immediate family) for as long. I joined ANS when I started graduate school and have been an active member ever since. In that time, I have worked for several employers, been active in other professional and social organizations, lived in four different states, and worked on projects that have taken me all over the world—but my ties to ANS and the people I have met here have been the most influential I have ever known. In thinking about this, I can only come to one conclusion: there is something special about ANS. Is it the technology? The people? For me, it is both.
M. Gonzalez, L. Hansen, D. Rappleye, R. Cumberland, M. F. Simpson
Nuclear Technology | Volume 192 | Number 2 | November 2015 | Pages 165-171
Technical Paper | Reprocessing | dx.doi.org/10.13182/NT15-28
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
It has previously been proposed by safeguards experts that curium will track plutonium through a spent fuel pyroprocessing facility, enabling nondestructive assaying of plutonium via counting neutron emissions from 244Cm. This is a critical assumption for the neutron balance approach to safeguards. If Cm and Pu were to behave chemically the same, counting neutrons could be used to estimate Pu concentrations. In this study, plutonium tracking with curium has been investigated using Enhanced REFIN with Anodic Dissolution (ERAD), a one-dimensional transient electrorefiner model based on fundamental electrochemical equations. The model was used to simulate simultaneous deposition of uranium, plutonium, and curium onto a solid metal cathode. Chemical/physical properties used by the model were either obtained from the literature or assumed. The standard exchange current density of curium was estimated by analyzing published cyclic voltammetry data for LiCl-KCl-CmCl3. The focus of the ERAD calculations was on verifying that Pu and Cm could codeposit onto the cathode along with U and to determine if the Pu/Cm ratio would be the same between the salt pool and cathode deposit. It was determined that Cm largely resists cathode deposition, while Pu can be driven to codeposit at sufficiently high current densities. The expected concentration of Cm in the salt would not support any deposition of Cm onto the cathode. It would need to be raised to ~1 wt% before small gram quantities of Cm will deposit onto the cathode. Even then, the Pu/Cm ratio of the cathode was found to be three orders of magnitude higher than the ratio in the salt. It is, thus, concluded that the neutron balance approach would be ineffective at safeguarding a nuclear fuel pyroprocessing facility.