The Fukushima Daiichi accident occurred on March 11, 2011. A seismic event and tsunami induced an extended station blackout plus loss of the ultimate heat sink. Three units progressed into a core melt severe accident. The accident occurred in the emergency operation procedure (EOP) domain. However, this situation was already beyond the scope of an EOP. The operator followed the EOP faithfully, and a core melt situation still occurred. An interesting topic is whether it is possible to avoid this type of accident. The purpose of this study is to survey the Fukushima accident progression with respect to the effect of the containment venting strategy for the Chinshan Nuclear Power Plant EOPs. Under the emergency situation, only a small reactor pressure vessel (RPV) injection system was available. This type of accident may be avoided by an early shift from the EOP to the severe accident guideline (SAG), switching from high-pressure injection to low-pressure injection while the reactor core isolation cooling system is available, gradually lowering the RPV pressure, and maximizing the injection flow rate. The plant responses and accident physical phenomena were simulated using MAAP5. The results show that the consequences of an uncovered core and core melt can be avoided by adopting the proper RPV depressurization and containment venting strategy.