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HPS's Eric Goldin: On health physics
Eric Goldin, president of the Health Physics Society, is a radiation safety specialist with 40 years of experience in power reactor health physics, supporting worker and public radiation safety programs. A certified health physicist since 1984, he has served on the American Board of Health Physics, and since 2004, he has been a member of the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements’ Program Area Committee 2, which provides guidance for radiation safety in occupational settings for a variety of industries and activities. He was awarded HPS Fellow status in 2012 and was elected to the NCRP in 2014.
Goldin’s radiological engineering experience includes ALARA programs, instrumentation, radioactive waste management, emergency planning, dosimetry, decommissioning, licensing, effluents, and environmental monitoring.
The HPS, headquartered in Herndon, Va., is the largest radiation safety society in the world. Its membership includes scientists, safety professionals, physicists, engineers, attorneys, and other professionals from academia, industry, medical institutions, state and federal government, the national laboratories, the military, and other organizations.
The HPS’s activities include encouraging research in radiation science, developing standards, and disseminating radiation safety information. Its members are involved in understanding, evaluating, and controlling the potential risks from radiation relative to the benefits.
Goldin talked about the HPS and health physics activities with Rick Michal, editor-in-chief of Nuclear News.
Koroush Shirvan, Mujid Kazimi
Nuclear Technology | Volume 184 | Number 3 | December 2013 | Pages 287-296
Technical Paper | Fission Reactors | dx.doi.org/10.13182/NT13-A24986
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
A boiling water reactor (BWR) with high power density (BWR-HD) was designed through an optimization search that was constrained to a square lattice fuel array. It has a power level of 5000 MW(thermal), equivalent to a 26% uprated Advanced BWR (ABWR), the latest version of operating BWR. This results in economic benefits, estimated to be [approximately]20% capital and operations and maintenance costs and similar total fuel cycle cost per unit electricity. The stability of the ABWR and BWR-HD were assessed for the three modes of density wave oscillations: single-channel thermal hydraulics, coupled neutronic regional core oscillations, and coupled neutronic global core oscillations. The sensitivity to design parameters such as inlet subcooling, presence of water rods, and inlet orifice coefficient as well as to changes in reactor power, flow rate, and void coefficient were examined using the STAB frequency domain code. The BWR-HD's stability performance and sensitivity were concluded to be similar to those of the ABWR. The results of the frequency domain analysis indicate that the shorter core and smaller void coefficient lowered the oscillation decay ratio, while the cooler inlet temperature and higher void fraction increased the decay ratio. Also the S3K code was utilized to perform three-dimensional coupled stability analysis and to formulate an operation exclusion zone region for the BWR-HD design. It was found that a reduction in the allowable operational zone of the BWR-HD design is warranted, due to its decay ratio being higher than that of the ABWR for whole-core oscillations. However, the inlet orificing (pressure loss coefficient) of the assemblies can be increased to obtain the same stability performance as the ABWR. This strategy is deemed plausible since the pumping power needed for the BWR-HD, even with the increase in pressure losses at the inlet of assemblies, will still be less than that of the ABWR and will have negligible effects on the safety performance.