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The objectives of MSTD are: promote the advancement of materials science in Nuclear Science Technology; support the multidisciplines which constitute it; encourage research by providing a forum for the presentation, exchange, and documentation of relevant information; promote the interaction and communication among its members; and recognize and reward its members for significant contributions to the field of materials science in nuclear technology.
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November 15–19, 2020
Chicago, IL|Chicago Marriott Downtown
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
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The CORTEX project: Improving nuclear fleet operational availability
We often define noise as an unwanted disturbance, especially acoustic in nature. Neutron noise, by contrast, is a direct measure of the dynamics of a nuclear core. It can be used for core monitoring without disturbing plant operation and by using the existing core instrumentation. The European CORTEX project aims to develop an innovative core monitoring technique using neutron noise, while capitalizing on the latest developments in neutronic modeling, signal processing, and artificial intelligence.
Anselmo T. Cisneros, Dan Ilas
Nuclear Technology | Volume 183 | Number 3 | September 2013 | Pages 331-340
Technical Paper | Fuel Cycle and Management | dx.doi.org/10.13182/NT13-A19422
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The Advanced High-Temperature Reactor (AHTR) is a 3400-MW(thermal) fluoride salt-cooled high-temperature reactor that uses coated particle fuel compacted into slabs rather than spherical or cylindrical fuel compacts. Simplified methods are required for parametric design studies to perform burnup analysis on the entire feasible design space. These simplifications include fuel homogenization techniques to increase the speed of neutron transport calculations and equilibrium depletion analysis methods to analyze systems with multibatch fuel management schemes.This paper presents three elements of significant novelty. First, the reactivity-equivalent physical transformation (RPT) methodology usually applied in systems with cylindrical and spherical geometries has been extended to slab geometries. Second, implementing this RPT homogenization, a Monte Carlo-based depletion methodology was developed to search for the maximum discharge burnup in a multibatch system by iteratively estimating the beginning of equilibrium cycle composition and sampling different discharge burnups. This iterative equilibrium depletion search method fully defines an equilibrium fuel cycle (keff, power, flux, and composition evolutions) but is computationally demanding. Therefore, an analytical method, the nonlinear reactivity model, was developed so that single-batch depletion results could be extrapolated to estimate the maximum discharge burnup in systems with multibatch fuel management schemes.