ANS is committed to advancing, fostering, and promoting the development and application of nuclear sciences and technologies to benefit society.
Explore the many uses for nuclear science and its impact on energy, the environment, healthcare, food, and more.
Education, Training & Workforce Development
The Education, Training & Workforce Development Division provides communication among the academic, industrial, and governmental communities through the exchange of views and information on matters related to education, training and workforce development in nuclear and radiological science, engineering, and technology. Industry leaders, education and training professionals, and interested students work together through Society-sponsored meetings and publications, to enrich their professional development, to educate the general public, and to advance nuclear and radiological science and engineering.
2021 Student Conference
April 8–10, 2021
The Standards Committee is responsible for the development and maintenance of voluntary consensus standards that address the design, analysis, and operation of components, systems, and facilities related to the application of nuclear science and technology. Find out What’s New, check out the Standards Store, or Get Involved today!
Latest Magazine Issues
Latest Journal Issues
Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
NC State celebrates 70 years of nuclear engineering education
An early picture of the research reactor building on the North Carolina State University campus. The Department of Nuclear Engineering is celebrating the 70th anniversary of its nuclear engineering curriculum in 2020–2021. Photo: North Carolina State University
The Department of Nuclear Engineering at North Carolina State University has spent the 2020–2021 academic year celebrating the 70th anniversary of its becoming the first U.S. university to establish a nuclear engineering curriculum. It started in 1950, when Clifford Beck, then of Oak Ridge, Tenn., obtained support from NC State’s dean of engineering, Harold Lampe, to build the nation’s first university nuclear reactor and, in conjunction, establish an educational curriculum dedicated to nuclear engineering.
The department, host to the 2021 ANS Virtual Student Conference, scheduled for April 8–10, now features 23 tenure/tenure-track faculty and three research faculty members. “What a journey for the first nuclear engineering curriculum in the nation,” said Kostadin Ivanov, professor and department head.
Mark Massie, Benoit Forget
Nuclear Technology | Volume 182 | Number 2 | May 2013 | Pages 207-223
Regular Technical Paper | Special Issue on the Symposium on Radiation Effects in Ceramic Oxide and Novel LWR Fuels / Fission Reactors | dx.doi.org/10.13182/NT13-A16431
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
This work presents a methodology for determining the optimal neutron energy spectrum for meeting user-specified transmutation objectives. A simulated annealing routine is used to find the optimal neutron energy distribution by iteratively modifying the flux spectrum, performing depletion calculations, and computing the value of the cost function.To demonstrate this methodology, we found optimal flux spectra for transmuting used nuclear fuel (UNF) to maximize proliferation resistance and to maximize repository capacity by minimizing decay heat. Multiple cost functions are evaluated for each of the two objectives. For maximizing proliferation resistance, we determined the optimal spectra for minimizing 239Pu mass, maximizing 238Pu mass, maximizing 240Pu mass, and minimizing the mass ratio of 239Pu to 238Pu and 240Pu. The results of this study show that while both fast and thermal neutrons are useful for reducing the amount of 239Pu, a thermal spectrum is best for rendering plutonium from UNF unusable as weapons material.Optimal spectra for maximizing repository capacity are found for minimizing the time-integrated decay heat generated by the transmuted UNF. This study shows that optimal transmutation of the full UNF vector can reduce the amount of decay heat released over 10 000 yr by [approximately]39% and that even more substantial reductions are possible with transuranic element-only transmutation, which can decrease decay energy by >81%. Furthermore, it is shown that a thermal spectrum is substantially more effective than a fast spectrum for reducing decay heat released by UNF over 10 000 yr, thus increasing the capacity of heat-limited waste repositories. Results such as these provide powerful insight into the complicated energy dependence of transmutation and illustrate this methodology's effectiveness as a scoping tool.