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The division was organized to promote the advancement of knowledge of the use of particle accelerator technologies for nuclear and other applications. It focuses on production of neutrons and other particles, utilization of these particles for scientific or industrial purposes, such as the production or destruction of radionuclides significant to energy, medicine, defense or other endeavors, as well as imaging and diagnostics.
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DOE begins commissioning of Hanford’s WTP
Having completed all startup testing of components and systems, the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) at the Hanford Site near Richland, Wash., has moved to the commissioning phase, the Department of Energy’s Office of Environmental Management (EM) announced last week. During the commissioning phase, the final steps will be taken to prepare for the vitrification of radioactive and chemical waste as part of Hanford’s Direct-Feed Low-Activity Waste (DFLAW) program.
Kwang Soon Ha, Fan-Bill Cheung, Jinho Song, Rae Joon Park, Sang Baik Kim
Nuclear Technology | Volume 181 | Number 1 | January 2013 | Pages 196-207
Technical Paper | Special Issue on the 14th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-14) / Thermal Hydraulics | dx.doi.org/10.13182/NT13-A15767
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Boiling-induced natural-circulation flow in various engineered cooling channels is modeled and solved by considering the conservation of mass, momentum, and energy in the two-phase mixture, along with the two-phase friction drop and void fraction. The model is applied to estimate the induced mass flow rates through a uniform annular gap and a nonuniform annular gap between the reactor vessel and insulation under the in-vessel corium retention-external reactor vessel cooling conditions, and in the engineered corium cooling system of an ex-vessel core catcher during a severe accident. Dependence of the induced flow rate on various system parameters including the channel gap size, inlet diameter, inlet subcooling, and wall heat flux has been identified numerically. Results of the present study provide useful information for enhancing the design of engineered cooling channels to assure long-term cooling and retention of corium under severe accident conditions.