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Isotopes & Radiation
Members are devoted to applying nuclear science and engineering technologies involving isotopes, radiation applications, and associated equipment in scientific research, development, and industrial processes. Their interests lie primarily in education, industrial uses, biology, medicine, and health physics. Division committees include Analytical Applications of Isotopes and Radiation, Biology and Medicine, Radiation Applications, Radiation Sources and Detection, and Thermal Power Sources.
2022 ANS Annual Meeting
June 12–16, 2022
Anaheim, CA|Anaheim Hilton
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Nuclear Science and Engineering
Fusion Science and Technology
Advanced reactors: Now comes the hard part
Designing a reactor is complicated but building one may be harder. Even companies that have had lots of practice haven’t always done it well. And all the power reactors in service today were built by companies that had years of experience in other kinds of big steam-electric power plants. In contrast, some of the creative new designs now moving toward commercialization come from start-ups that have never built anything at all. How should they prepare?
Kwang Soon Ha, Fan-Bill Cheung, Jinho Song, Rae Joon Park, Sang Baik Kim
Nuclear Technology | Volume 181 | Number 1 | January 2013 | Pages 196-207
Technical Paper | Special Issue on the 14th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-14) / Thermal Hydraulics | dx.doi.org/10.13182/NT13-A15767
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
Boiling-induced natural-circulation flow in various engineered cooling channels is modeled and solved by considering the conservation of mass, momentum, and energy in the two-phase mixture, along with the two-phase friction drop and void fraction. The model is applied to estimate the induced mass flow rates through a uniform annular gap and a nonuniform annular gap between the reactor vessel and insulation under the in-vessel corium retention-external reactor vessel cooling conditions, and in the engineered corium cooling system of an ex-vessel core catcher during a severe accident. Dependence of the induced flow rate on various system parameters including the channel gap size, inlet diameter, inlet subcooling, and wall heat flux has been identified numerically. Results of the present study provide useful information for enhancing the design of engineered cooling channels to assure long-term cooling and retention of corium under severe accident conditions.