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Destruction of Ukrainian dam threatens Zaporizhzhia
A Soviet-era dam downstream from the Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant in southeastern Ukraine collapsed last evening, causing the water level of the Kakhovka Reservoir north of the dam to drop and raising new concerns over the already jeopardized safety of the Russian-occupied nuclear facility, Europe’s largest. The reservoir supplies water for, among other things, Zaporizhzhia’s cooling systems.
M. Pellegrini, H. Endo, E. Merzari, H. Ninokata
Nuclear Technology | Volume 181 | Number 1 | January 2013 | Pages 144-156
Technical Paper | Special Issue on the 14th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-14) / Thermal Hydraulics | doi.org/10.13182/NT13-A15763
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
The effect of stratification on the flow in bounded geometries is studied through computational fluid dynamics and two different modelings of the turbulent heat flux: constant turbulent Prandtl number and Algebraic Heat Flux Model (AHFM). The main feature of the work is evaluation of the effect of buoyancy on the thermal quantities, velocity field, and related pressure drop. For evaluation of the turbulent heat flux and temperature field, AHFM has been demonstrated to be superior to the simple eddy diffusivity approach. However, serious concerns remain for the prediction of the velocity field in both isothermal and nonisothermal conditions, since greater uncertainties for the obtained pressure drop and related Fanning friction factor can be introduced. Incremental pressure drop is also investigated in conditions deviating from fully developed flows, in order to study stratification effects qualitatively using an engineering method.