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Study: New U.K. nuclear likely to be lower carbon source than solar or wind
A recent study of life cycle carbon emissions at the United Kingdom’s Hinkley Point C nuclear plant finds that the facility, now under construction in Somerset, England, is likely to produce less CO2 over its lifetime than either solar or wind power.
According to the 70-page analysis—prepared by environmental consultancy Ricardo Energy & Environment for NNB Generation Company HPC Limited, the holding company for the Hinkley Point project—lifetime emissions from Hinkley Point C are likely to be about 5.5g CO2e per kWh. That amount also holds for the proposed Sizewell C plant, the study concludes. (The two 1,630-MWe EPRs at Hinkley Point C are currently scheduled to begin commercial operation in 2026 and 2027.)
A. Foissac, J. Malet, S. Mimouni, P. Ruyer, F. Feuillebois, O. Simonin
Nuclear Technology | Volume 181 | Number 1 | January 2013 | Pages 133-143
Technical Paper | Special Issue on the 14th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-14) / Thermal Hydraulics | dx.doi.org/10.13182/NT13-A15762
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
A numerical simulation of the interaction between two real pressurized water reactor containment sprays is performed with a new model implemented into the Eulerian computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code NEPTUNE_CFD. The water droplet polydispersion in size has been treated with a sectional approach. The influence of collisions between droplets is taken into account with a statistical approach based on the various outcomes of binary collision. Experiments were performed in a new facility, and data obtained are compared with this two-fluid simulation. The results show good agreement.