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June 11–14, 2023
Indianapolis, IN|Marriott Indianapolis Downtown
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Destruction of Ukrainian dam threatens Zaporizhzhia
A Soviet-era dam downstream from the Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant in southeastern Ukraine collapsed last evening, causing the water level of the Kakhovka Reservoir north of the dam to drop and raising new concerns over the already jeopardized safety of the Russian-occupied nuclear facility, Europe’s largest. The reservoir supplies water for, among other things, Zaporizhzhia’s cooling systems.
Hisashi Ninokata, Hideki Kamide
Nuclear Technology | Volume 181 | Number 1 | January 2013 | Pages 11-23
Technical Paper | Special Issue on the 14th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-14) / Fission Reactors; Thermal Hydraulics | doi.org/10.13182/NT13-A15753
Articles are hosted by Taylor and Francis Online.
This paper discusses key issues and highlighted topics in thermal hydraulics in connection with Japan's current sodium-cooled fast reactor development efforts, with particular focus on design study and related research of the Japan Sodium-Cooled Fast Reactor (JSFR). Several innovative technologies, i.e., compact reactor vessel, two-loop system, full natural-circulation decay heat removal, and recriticality-free core, have been investigated to reduce construction cost and to achieve a high level of reactor safety. Preliminary evaluations of innovative technologies to be applied to JSFR are ongoing. In this paper, the progress of design study is reviewed, and key issues are discussed. Then, research and development activities on the thermal hydraulics are highlighted in connection with the phenomena taking place in natural-circulation decay heat removal and innovative design and enhanced safety features.